When John Sieker received his promotion to chief of the Forest Service's division
of recreation and lands in 1941, the advance must surely have seemed bittersweet.
Sieker, after all, found himself in the position most recently filled by the agency's
wilderness champion Bob Marshall, who had died unexpectedly before reaching his
Despite any painful associations taking over for his friend Marshall might have
brought, Sieker proved able and well-suited to the job of supervising more than
4,600 campgrounds, 14 million acres of wilderness areas, and many other recreational
sites such as summer cabins, ski areas, lodges, and resorts. In fact, Sieker remained
the head of the recreation and lands division for more than two decades, before
retiring in July 1964.
After graduating from Princeton University, then earning a master's degree in forestry
from Yale, John Sieker began his career with the Forest Service in 1926 as ranger
on the Washakie National Forest in Wyoming. From there, he moved to positions on
the Chippewa National Forest in Minnesota (named the Minnesota National Forest at
that time), the Black Hills National Forest, and then as assistant forest supervisor
on the Harney National Forest in South Dakota. The Forest Service sent Sieker back
to Wyoming in 1936, when it selected him as supervisor of the Shoshone National
In Wyoming, Arizona, and elsewhere, Sieker and Bob Marshall became well-acquainted
on multi-week wilderness hikes together, and apparently agreed on many points relating
to wilderness preservation and forest and recreation management. At Marshall's recommendation,
in April 1938, the Forest Service appointed John Sieker to a Washington, D.C.-based
position as assistant chief of the recreation and lands division he would later
lead. Just nineteen months after Sieker arrived in Washington for his new position,
his boss and friend Marshall died of a sudden heart attack in November 1939 and
Sieker became acting chief until his permanent promotion.
During World War II, Sieker served as a captain in a field artillery division in
the Pacific, then returned to the Forest Service. Sieker's subsequent work with
the Forest Service's recreation and lands division came at a critical time, as post-war
recreation visits boomed. During his tenure,
recreation visits to the national forests quadrupled and issues such as
wilderness preservation, recreation as a multiple use, and user conflicts increasingly
drew public attention.
In a 1978 interview, John Sieker reflected on his career and his association with
Bob Marshall. At that time, Sieker wondered if he might be the last living friend
of Marshall's who had accompanied him on his legendary wilderness hikes. Though
Sieker himself was due a fair amount of credit and played a role in the addition
of lands to the wilderness system after Marshall's death, he chose instead to focus
on his mentor and friend: "Bob Marshall painted with a broad brush. He advocated
including everything [as wilderness] that was substantially roadless and over 100,000
acres. Bob Marshall drew a lot of the [wilderness] boundaries. Substantially all
the land that went into the Wilderness System was land that Bob Marshall knew of
and had suggested..."
"Forest Service Chief of Recreation and Lands," The Living Wilderness, July 1941, p. 9.
"Forest Supervisor Promoted," News Release from Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Denver, CO, April 7, 1938.
"Heads of AS and R&LU retiring with tenures total more than 70 years," Information Digest, Washington, D.C. office, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, June 25, 1964.
"Sieker Joins Recreation Division of U.S. Forest Service," Information for the Press, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., May 13, 1938.
"Sieker Named Recreation Chief in U.S. Forest Service Division," Information for the Press, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., April 22, 1941.