Looking at Prehistory:
Indiana's Hoosier National Forest Region, 12,000 B.C. to 1650
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IMPORTANT FEDERAL AND STATE LAWS

Antiquities Act of 1906

Provides for the protection of historic and prehistoric ruins and objects of antiquity located on Federal lands by providing criminal sanctions against destruction of these resources without a permit. www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/anti1906.htm

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended

Provides for the designation of State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPO) to administer state preservation efforts. Established the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation as an independent Federal agency. Established procedures for Federal agencies to follow in managing properties. Created the National Register of Historic Places and established procedures for nomination. http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/nhpa1966.htm

Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979, as amended

Requires a permit for excavation or removal of archaeological resources from public and Indian lands. Permits are issued to qualified researchers. Violations include civil and criminal penalties of two years prison, and $250,000 fine. http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/FHPL_ArchRsrcsProt.pdf

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990

Gives provisions for the inadvertent discovery of Native American remains and objects. Requires Federal agencies to inventory all human remains in their control and attempt to determine cultural affiliation for repatriation. http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/FHPL_NAGPRA.pdf

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

Requires federal agencies to analyze the environmental affects of their actions and disclose those affects to the public. http://www.nepa.gov/nepa/regs/nepa/nepaeqia.htm

American Indian Religious Freedom Act

Protects Native American's rights to exercise their traditional religions. http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/FHPLIndianRelFreAct.pdf

Executive Order 11593

Directs Federal agencies to take a leadership role in preserving, restoring, and maintaining the historic and cultural environment of the Nation. http://www.gsa.gov Portal/gsa/ep/contentView.do?P=XAE&contentId=12094&contentType=GSA_BASIC

Indiana Law IC 14-21 Historic Preservation and Archaeology

Requires that anyone disturbing the ground for the purpose of finding artifacts must do so in accordance with a plan approved by the department. http://www.in.gov legislative/ic/code/title14/ar21/

Indiana Law IC-22-1 Human Remains, Burial Objects, and Artifacts

A person who disturbs the ground for the purposed of discovering artifacts of burial objects must obtain a permit. A person who disturbs buried human remains or artifacts must cease work immediately and notify the Department of Historic Preservation and Archaeology within two business days. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title14/ar21/



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9/hoosier/prehistory/laws.htm
Last Updated: 21-Nov-2008
Forest History SocietyElectronic edition courtesy of the
Forest History Society.