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Archival Collections at the Forest History Society

This Annotated Guide is arranged alphabetically by the creator of the archival collection. If you know the creator of a record group, select the letter of the alphabet with which the organization name begins or select the first letter of the individual's last name. Where there is no creator, the papers or records are listed by collection name.

Encoding of the following finding aids was made possible by funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. NHPRC logo


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

NOTE: All collections are also described and searchable in the Society's Guide to Environmental History Archival Collections database: enter "Forest History Society" in the Repository field and search by keyword or collection name.

You may also perform a keyword search of our online finding aids by entering term(s) in the search box below:

A

Ainsworth, John H.

John H. Ainsworth (born 1909) was a paper company executive who produced an educational series on paper manufacturing and authored Paper: The Fifth Wonder.

The collection includes journal and newspaper articles, correspondence, magazines and pamphlets, bound and unbound reports, reel-to-reel magnetic tapes, a film strip series, and a book by John H. Ainsworth entitled Paper...The Fifth Wonder. The collection also includes four record albums and corresponding film strips of "Papermaking: An Art and a Science."

American Forest Institute

The American Forest Institute was formerly called American Forest Products Industries, which was created in 1932 as a trade promotion subsidiary of the National Lumber Manufacturers' Association (NLMA). In 1992, the American Forest Institute merged with the American Paper Institute and the National Forest Products Association to become the American Forest & Paper Association. The American Forest Council (AFC) is an educational organization designed to supplement the lobbying activities of the National Forest Products Association.

The records contain minutes, mailings, memoranda, and other materials of the Board of Trustees; general correspondence; reading files, press releases, mailings; and other materials of various divisions and committees; reading files of Charles Alton Gillett, Managing Director (1947-1967); publicity materials and reports of the National 4-H Forestry Program; also includes photographs, AFC publications, phonograph records, motion picture films, and miscellaneous educational and public relations material.

American Forestry Association

Established in 1875, the American Forestry Association is the oldest group in North America organized to promote forest conservation. The organization became American Forests in 1992.

The collection includes correspondence, articles, manuscript surveys and reports on forestry, newspaper clippings, and published material relating to the American Forestry Association. Includes studies and investigations, awards, directors' minutes, directors' correspondence, annual meetings, annual reports, elections, miscellaneous, Redwood National Park, and miscellaneous administration. There are few materials dating before 1900; the bulk of the collection dates from the 1930s-1960s. Among the prominent correspondents are William B. Greeley, Ovid Butler, Gifford Pinchot, and Samuel T. Dana.

American Hoist & Derrick Company  |  Modern Methods of Loading Logs Brochure and Photographs

The American Hoist & Derrick Company, based in St. Paul, Minnesota, became a top manufacturer of hoisting and lifting equipment.

The collection includes a photocopy of an advertising brochure for American Hoist and Derrick Company and 4 photographic prints of equipment illustrated in the brochure. The brochure was printed in 1904 and contains 58 pages of text and pictures.

American Lumberman

Held November 26-29, 1908, the Biltmore Forest Festival was hosted by Estate forester and Biltmore Forest School founder Carl Alwin Schenck. Industry representatives, foresters, and lay persons interested in forestry from across the southern United States were invited to attend the festivities. Tours of plantations, herbaria, experimental plots, and nurseries on the Estate highlighted thinning operations, reforestation and logging activities, and conservation measures in use by foresters on the Estate. Schenck explained scientific forestry techniques to guests on the tours and provided entertainment in the form of a possum hunt, luncheons, and dinners. An event organized to celebrate twenty years of professional forest management and ten years of operating the Biltmore Forest School on George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate, the 1908 Forest Festival helped spread the notion of scientific forestry across the southern United States in the first decade of the twentieth century.

The collection includes seven articles published in American Lumberman magazine from September 1908 to January 1909 reporting on the 1908 Forest Festival held at the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina.

American Pulpwood Association

The American Pulpwood Association was established in 1935 to promote the interests of forest products industry members. On January 1, 2000, this national trade association changed its name to the Forest Resources Association, Inc.

Materials include minutes of meetings, technical releases, and technical papers from the Appalachian, Lake States, Northeastern, Southeastern, Southwestern, and Western Technical Divisions of the American Pulpwood Association. Also included are memoranda, meeting agendas and programs, organization directories and by-laws, and various annual, weekly, and monthly technical bulletins and reports.

American Tree Farm System

On June 12, 1941, the nationís first tree farm was dedicated near Montesano, Washington. Owned by the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, the 120,000-acre Clemons Tree Farm launched a nationwide movement. Over the next few decades the American Tree Farm System (ATFS) would expand across the country. In 2011, the programís rolls listed 88,000 family forest owners practicing sustainable management on 26 million acres of forest land.

The collection includes important historical materials, inspection and certification records, correspondence, and early press clippings. Also included are publications such as Tree Farmer magazine and Green America, records of various awards, such as regional and national Tree Farmer of the Year and Inspector of the Year, minutes from annual conventions and committee meetings, and records from educational initiatives such as Project Learning Tree. In addition, the collection features numerous photographs and slides of ATFS events and activities, as well as films of educational programming, and public service announcements by famous tree farmers such as actress Andie MacDowell, musician Chuck Leavell, President Jimmy Carter, and actor Andy Griffith.

Association of Consulting Foresters of America

The Association of Consulting Foresters of America, Inc. (ACF) was founded in 1948 to advance the professionalism, ethics, and interests of professional foresters whose primary work was consulting to the public. The ACF is the only national association for consulting foresters.

The collection consists of Association of Consulting Foresters records largely concerning the organization and its operations. The collection is divided into six series, including files on financial and tax documents; office policies and procedures; advertising and promotion; staff and members; individual ACF chapters, focusing largely on the Alabama chapter; and correspondence and interaction with organizations such as the Practicing Foresters Institute of Trust (PFIT), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), and other independent organizations such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Society of American Foresters (SAF). Also included in these series are files on ACF committees, meetings, ethical and legislative concerns, and history of the ACF; a bound volume of Historical Perspective, the Early Years provides a brief history of the organization, its leaders, and its accomplishments. This collection contains a large number of records and correspondence pertaining to influential people who shaped ACF history, including John Bradley Jr. (President of ACF 1974-1976; Chairman of Resource Management Services Inc., Chairman of Alabama Chapter ACF), Harry Murphy (ACF member, President of Resource Operations Inc., Executive Vice President of Resource Management Services Inc.), and L. Keville Larson (ACF President 1982-1984). The collection also contains reference to other significant people including Arthur Ennis, Colin Bagwell, Robert Fiske, Frank Bennett, John T. Clark, Harvey Striplin Jr., and William Banzhaf.

B

Babcock, Thorpe

Thorpe Babcock (born 1885) was an American lumberman and author of Broke at Forty-Five.

The collection includes correspondence primarily; also some annual reports, correspondence and newspaper clippings pertaining to North Western Lumber Company.

Bernardi, Gene

Gene C. Bernardi was a U.S. Forest Service research sociologist for the Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station in Berkeley, California from 1968 until 1975. In December 1972, she filed a formal complaint of sex discrimination against the U.S. Forest Service, leading to decades of legal action.

The collection includes materials related to Gene Bernardi's lawsuits against the U.S. Forest Service, such as court documents and correspondence, as well as materials related to Bernardi's professional work, union activities, her activities as Federal Women's Program Coordinator, Equal Employment Opportunity Counselor, and work briefly with the Society of Ousted Scientists. Also included are personal notes and journals, publications, and news clippings related to discrimination and Bernardi v. Butz.

Biltmore Forest School  |  Images

Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck founded the Biltmore Forest School on George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina, in 1898 and served as its sole director until the school closed in 1913.

The collection includes twenty-two black-and-white and color images dating from the late 1890s to the late 1980s, with several undated images. The images show scenes of students in the field; events associated with a three-day forest fair Schenck organized in 1908 on the Biltmore Estate for the purpose of demonstrating the accomplishments and possibilities of practical forestry; former students gathered for an alumni event in 1966; buildings on the Biltmore Estate that were associated with the school; and structures comprising the Cradle of Forestry in America historic site near Asheville, North Carolina.

Biltmore Forestry Fair

Held November 26-29, 1908, the Biltmore Forest Festival was hosted by Estate forester and Biltmore Forest School founder Carl Alwin Schenck. Industry representatives, foresters, and lay persons interested in forestry from across the southern United States were invited to attend the festivities. Tours of plantations, herbaria, experimental plots, and nurseries on the Estate highlighted thinning operations, reforestation and logging activities, and conservation measures in use by foresters on the Estate. Schenck explained scientific forestry techniques to guests on the tours and provided entertainment in the form of a possum hunt, luncheons, and dinners. An event organized to celebrate twenty years of professional forest management and ten years of operating the Biltmore Forest School on George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate, the 1908 Forest Festival helped spread the notion of scientific forestry across the southern United States in the first decade of the twentieth century.

The collection includes seven articles published in American Lumberman magazine from September 1908 to January 1909 reporting on the 1908 Forest Festival held at the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina.

Boerker, Richard

Richard Hans Douai Boerker (born 1887) was a forester with the U.S. Forest Service in California (1911-1914), Wyoming (1916), and Colorado (1917), and later a science teacher in Kingston, New York (beginning in 1921). Boerker was the author of numerous technical and popular articles on forestry that were published in prominent journals and various state conservation periodicals.

The collection consists of files and note cards produced and collected by Richard H. D. Boerker in the course of research. The records contain information on many aspects of forestry, on biology and related fields of study, and on landscape management.

Brockman, C. Frank

Christian Frank Brockman was a forester and naturalist. Dr. Brockman worked for the National Park Service as a naturalist at Mt. Rainier National Park from 1929 to 1941, and at Yosemite National Park from 1941 to 1946. From 1946 to 1967, he was a professor in the College of Forest Resources at the University of Washington.

The collection includes color slides, negatives and a few black and white photographs taken by C. Frank Brockman. Dr. Brockman took pictures from his early career as a seasonal forester with the U. S. Forest Service and his later experiences spraying for budworms in Oregon. There also logging pictures from the middle 1950s. The collection includes a typewritten description of the items included with hand written remarks by Professor Brockman.

Buell, Jesse H.

Jesse H. Buell worked for the United States Forest Service from July 1926 until his retirement in 1956.

The collection consists of Forest Service work diaries dating from 1926 to 1956 detailing Buell's projects and assignments throughout his career, several handwritten sheets of highlights from Buell's career from 1926 to 1929, and a "Certificate of Graduation" prepared by staff of the U. S. Forest Service's Washington Office for Buell's retirement.

Burkholder, Kenneth A.

Kenneth A. Burkholder was a district forester employed by the United States Bureau of Land Management in the Bend District of Region 1 in Oregon during the mid-twentieth century.

Collection contains mostly articles and reports but also conference materials, diaries, and photographs collected, generated, or received by district forester Kenneth A. Burkholder. Subjects covered in the papers include forest and land management issues pertaining to public lands in Oregon, with a number of items specifically addressing the Oregon and California revested lands (O&C Lands).

Burley, F. William

F. William Burley worked in Belize as a consulting forester from 1987 to 1990. Burley helped set up the Programme For Belize and advised Minister Lindo on forestry, mangroves, and conservation issues. He was also part of the early effort to assist Belize in organizing a Tropical Forestry Action Plan (TFAP).

The collection includes published works, draft reports, bibliographic database search results, and other materials collected during F. Willliam Burley's work as a consulting forester in Belize from 1987 to 1990.

C

California National Forests

The collection includes a cross-section of miscellaneous United States Forest Service photographs and negatives from California National Forests, dating circa 1940s-1950s. Areas represented include Lassen National Forest, Modoc National Forest, Plumas National Forest, San Bernardino National Forest, Sequoia National Forest, Shasta National Forest (now Shasta-Trinity), Sierra National Forest, Stanislaus National Forest, and Tahoe National Forest. Most images are accompanied by minimal description. Some photographic prints are attributed to the California Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Carson, William H.

This collection consists of miscellaneous source materials that Mr. William Carson gathered while conducting on the history of early log hauling equipment. Copies of Carson's handwritten articles are included in this collection. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence from associates and colleagues knowledgeable about early log hauling equipment and correspondence from numerous archival institutions, historical societies, and museums that supplied Carson with historical information and copies of photographs found in their various archival collections.

Cary, Austin

Austin Cary (1865-1936) was a nationally known forestry pioneer and logging engineer.

The collection includes 39 black-and-white photographs, most of which were taken by pioneer forester Austin Cary between 1918 and 1924 during his early years with the U.S. Forest Service. The photographs document forestry and turpentining practices in the pine forests of the southeastern United States, with the majority from the area of Waycross, Cogdell, and Homerville, Georgia, near the Okefenokee Swamp. Most have Cary's original hand-written captions on the back. At least one photo was taken by Cary's associate and forest researcher Dr. Eloise Gerry.

Cedarville State Forest Pine Thinning Study

The collection includes 104 photographs with descriptions of a Virginia Pine Thinning Study conducted at the Cedarville State Forest in Maryland during the late 1930s and 1940s.

Champion International Corporation

Established in 1893, Champion Coated Paper grew through mergers and acquisitions into Chamption International Corporation, which purchased timberlands across the United States and in several foreign countries. In June 2000, International Paper Company acquired Champion International through a merger.

The collection includes approximately 160 black-and-white prints, 330 negatives, and 1200 color and black-and-white slides. These prints, negatives, and slides document forestry activities and sawmill operations carried out by Champion International Corporation and its business partners, primarily in the southern Appalachian Mountain region of the United States, circa 1950s-1970s. Images include scenes of land clearing, tree planting, hardwood management, tree harvesting, logging and sawmill equipment, sawmill operations, vocational training, scenic views, and tree identification. Some of the slides appear to have been taken for use in visual presentations.

Cheek, George C.

The collection includes a series of 35mm color slides from 1978, which contain tables of quantitative information about public opinion on forests and forestry in the United States.

Clark, Lawrence S.

In the 1950s, Lawrence S. Clark served as vice-president and secretary of the Twin City Hardwood Lumber Company. He was a member of the International Concatenated Order of Hoo-Hoo.

The collection includes materials related to the U.S. Office of Price Administration's control of the lumber industry, including regulations, minutes of the Hardwood Distribution Yards Advisory Committee, and financial reports (1942-1946); materials related to the Wood Ply Research Foundation, including balance sheets, correspondence, lists of members, reports, and news releases (circa 1941-1947); and miscellaneous correspondence and reports relating to lumber grading and standards, and the wholesale lumber industry.

Clawson, Marion

Marion Clawson (1905-1998) was an leading agricultural economist, government official, and senior fellow with the Resources for the Future.

The collection contains Clawson's own files, largely related to his research and writing. Included are papers emanating from the research, writing, and publication process of his book, chapter, article publications; unpublished papers; manuscript reviews by Clawson; correspondence and materials related to papers presented at conferences and workshops; teaching notes and syllabi; economic advisory reports about Israel's natural resources; as well as writings resulting from his other consulting and advising endeavors. Also included are statements that Clawson made before the United States House of Representatives and Senate committee hearings, files from his tenure as Acting President and Vice President of Resources for the Future, paperwork regarding two of his awards, and biographical material that includes two family histories written by Clawson. Bound volumes of Clawson's published work (1927-1968) include his M.S. thesis (1929) and Ph.D. dissertation (1945).

Clemson University. Department of Forestry

The collection includes glass slides, 35mm slides made from the glass slides, black-and-white prints and negatives, and one postcard. The subjects are varied and range from early twentieth century logging equipment and methods to pictures of early twentieth century Clemson University Forestry School classes and pictures of forestry products. Many of the slides have descriptions written on them.

Cliff, Edward Parley

A career forester, Edward P. Cliff (1909-1987) moved through the ranks of the United States Forest Service, eventually serving as chief from 1962 to 1972. Following his retirement from the Forest Service, Cliff became active as a private consultant, focusing on projects involving work and travel in numerous countries.

The collection includes nine looseleaf binders that contain Xerox copies and typescripts of speeches, articles, statements, press releases, and photographs documenting Cliff's career in the U.S. Forest Service. One carton and one manuscript box contain materials accumulated by Cliff during his post-Forest Service career as an international forestry consultant; contents include reading files, reports, and papers on such topics as the 1978 Food and Agriculture Organization's mission to Nigeria, agroforestry and soil conservation in Jamaica, and tropical forestry in Africa.

Cochran, H. Dean

H. Dean Cochran was a forester with the United States Forest Service from the early 1920s until his retirement in the late 1950s.

The collection documents Cochran's involvement with a forestry project in Taiwan during the 1950s, when he served as an American adviser to Taiwan for the International Cooperation Administration. The papers include a small number of maps and photographs, including some photographs of Cochran, Elwood L. Demmon, and Tom Gill; numerous reports and technical bulletins (some in Chinese) on such topics as forest management, forest policy, fuelwood consumption, economic development, Taiwan's pulp and paper industry, and forestry research at the Taiwan Forestry Research Institute; and correspondence with various colleagues after Cochran's departure from Taiwan regarding the implementation of his recommendations.

Collingwood, George Harris

George Harris Collingwood (1890-1958) was a forest ranger, forester for the American Forestry Association, chief forester for the National Lumber Manufacturers ASsociation, and author of bulletins, magazine articles, and the popular book Knowing Your Trees.

The collection includes professional and family papers, diaries, forestry course notes, photographs, clippings, mementos, manuscripts, drafts of articles, and correspondence relating to Collingwood's work as Ranger on the Apache National Forest, Arizona (1914-1915); the United States Bureau of Aircraft Production; the National Lumber Manufacturers Association (1940-1946); the Society of American Foresters; the American Forestry Association (1928-1940); the Cornell University Forestry Extension (1916-1923); the U.S. Legislative Reference Service (1952-1958); and the United States Forest Service.

Colorado Ranger School

The collection includes one photograph taken in 1909 of the Ranger School at Colorado College. Names of a few of the class members.

Compton, Wilson Martindale

Wilson Martindale Compton (1890-1967) held a leadership role at the National Lumber Manufacturers Association from 1918 to 1944. Compton was one of the most prominent of all trade association leaders throughout the 1920s and 1930s.

The collection includes correspondence; copies of speeches, addresses, and articles; minutes of meetings; and by-laws of organizations. The materials relate to Compton's career as a leader in the lumber and manufacturing industries, and much of the collection pertains to such forest industry organizations as NLMA (National Lumber Manufacturers Association), AFPI (American Forest Products Industries), TECO (Timber Engineering Company), and AFA (American Forestry Association). Prominent individuals referred to in the papers include Frank George Wisner, G.W. Dulany, Jr., and John W. Watzek.

Conklin, Robert P.

Robert P. Conklin was a logging engineer at a Weyerhaeuser Timber Company operation in Washington State.

The collection includes 176 black and white photographs and 52 envelopes of negatives. These images depict life in a lumber camp, loggers, logging practices, logging equipment and railroads during the period from the late 1920s through the early 1940s. The photographs have been numbered and some contain descriptions on the back.

Conway, Emett, collector

The collection includes 123 black and white slides of pages from a German proposal for a forest history museum in the Black Forest at Freiburg, West Germany. There are also copies of pages from various books pertaining to forest history. The entire text is written in German. These pages were copied by Emett Conway in 1977.

Cooper, Arthur W.

Arthur W. Cooper has been a leader in North Carolina forestry, professor of resource policy and administration, and member of the national Committee of Scientists. Per the 1976 National Forest Management Act, the Committee of Scientists counciled and advised the Secretary of Agriculture during the development of national forest management planning regulations, from 1977 to 1979. Although officially disbanded as a committee in 1979, the Reagan administration brought the individual members of the COS together once again as a group of independent consultants for the purpose of reevaluating and limiting national forest management regulations.

The collection includes materials that the USDA Committee of Scientists (COS) either consulted or generated in its review of national forest management planning regulations from 1977 to 1979. The papers include correspondence, minutes of COS meetings, copies of testimony presented at congressional hearings, preliminary and draft versions of the COS final report, and public comments about proposed regulations. Also included are public comments reviewed by COS members during the Reagan adminstration's reassessment of national forest management regulations.

Cornell Forestry School

Arthur B. "Reck" Recknagel (1883-1962) had a long and varied career in forestry as a forester with the U.S. Forest Service, as a professor of forest management, and later as a leader and consultant in the paper industry.

This collection contains 174 black-and-white photographic images taken during the late 1920s and early 1930s when forestry professor Arthur Bernard Recknagel led his Cornell University forestry students on field trips to the southern United States. These images fill two albums and document the school's field trip activities in the state of South Carolina. The images primarily depict students observing logging activities and forest management practices being used at that time in South Carolina. Most of the images have limited caption information. The albums are two of four total albums comprising the A. B. Recknagel Auxiliary Photograph Collection housed in the Forest History Society Archives.

Crutchfield, Douglas

Douglas Crutchfield was an employee at the Summerville, South Carolina, office of Westvaco, a forest products company, in the 1990s.

Papers include correspondence, meeting agendas, minutes of meetings, reports, and other materials collected by Westvaco employee Douglas Crutchfield. Materials primarily relate to conferences and meetings organized by the American Forest Council, the American Forest and Paper Association, the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, the National Forest Products Association, the Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council, and the Southern and Southeastern forest experiment stations of the U.S. Forest Service. Topics covered include forest management, forest soils, forestry research, silviculture, and tree nutrition in the United States, especially the South, during the late twentieth century.

Cunningham, Alfred

Alfred "Charlie" Cunningham was an American printer who attended the Biltmore Forest School in Asheville, North Carolina, in 1910.

Papers generated and collected by Alfred Cunningham. Includes correspondence from Cunningham to his sister while he was on a Biltmore Forest School field trip to Europe in 1910; correspondence written in the 1930s from German forester and former Biltmore Forest School director Carl Alwin Schenck to Alfred Cunningham; an undated death announcement for Carl Schenck's first wife Adele; and a marriage announcement for Schenck and his second wife Marie-Louise printed in 1932.

D

Davenport, Peters Company, collector

The collection includes two photograph albums held by the Davenport, Peters Company. Album 1 contains 10 black and white photographs with text pertaining to the San Francisco earthquake and fire of April 1906. Prepared in June 1906 by the Redwood Car Shippers Bureau, the album depicts the effect of the fire on buildings constructed of redwood. The photographs record the damage done by the 1906 fire while the text promotes the effectiveness of redwood as a fire-retardant construction material. Album 2 consists of 6 black and white photographs of the John McMaster Shingle Company, Seattle, Washington. The photos are not described. It is estimated that these pictures were taken during the early twentieth century.

"The Dawn of Private Forestry in America, Recollections of a Forester Covering the Years 1895 to 1914"  |  Images

German-born and -educated Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955) was a pioneer in American forestry education, known for his contributions as premier forester for the Biltmore Estate and as founder of the Biltmore Forest School.

The collection includes black-and-white photographic images dating from the 1890s to the 1910s used to supplement the memoirs of Carl A. Schenck, which Schenck titled "The Dawn of Private Forestry in America, Recollections of a Forester Covering the Years 1895 to 1914." Significant topics documented by the images include: Schenck's impressions of the years when he, Gifford Pinchot, and Bernhard Eduard Fernow were the only trained foresters working in the United States; life and work on the Biltmore Estate; the founding, development, and closing of the Biltmore Forest School in Asheville, North Carolina; and the various professional and community contacts Schenck made while working for George W. Vanderbilt.

Development of Forestry in the Southern United States  |  Oral History Interviews

Forest History Society executive director Elwood R. Maunder, University of Florida Ph.D. candidate Roy R. White, Joseph A. Miller, and Charles Crawford conducted oral history interviews during the period from 1958 to 1976. Persons interviewed include foresters working for federal or state government agencies; loggers and land managers employed by private companies; lumbermen; a turpentine factor; a forest industry journalist; and paper industry executives. Interviewees include Clinton Hux Coulter, Walter Julius Damtoft, Elwood Leonard Demmon, Marc Leonard Fleishel, E. Worth Hadley, James Hart, Frank Heyward, Jr., Stanley F. Horn, James H. Jones, Herbert L. Kayton, Brooks Lambert, Edward Leigh McMillan, Joseph E. McCaffrey, Earl Mason McGowin, N. Floyd McGowin, Earl Porter, Arthur Bernhard Recknagel, and G. P. Shingler. The interviews collectively provide insight into early efforts to implement scientific forestry practices and conservation measures in the southern United States during the first part of the twentieth century. Topics discussed include: forest conservation; fire protection; naval stores; prominent American foresters; lumber, paper, and timber company operations across the South; educational outreach by the U.S. Forest Service; and the positive influence of logging engineer Austin Cary and chemist Eloise Gerry (b. 1885) on turpentining and logging practices in the southern United States.

Dickerman, Murlyn Bennet

Murlyn B. Dickerman (1912-2000) served as United States Forest Service deputy chief of research. As a representative of the Society of American Foresters, Dickerman led the United States Forestry Team delegation to the People's Republic of China in 1980.

The collection includes correspondence, itineraries, reports, papers, and articles concerning forestry in China and a 1980 trip of a United States Forestry Team, led by Murlyn B. Dickerman, to the People's Republic of China. In 1979, when the United States granted official diplomatic recognition to China, the two governments agreed to exchange ideas, information, scholars, and students in order to promote increased knowledge in the fields of science and technology. Forestry teams from both countries studied breeding and cultivation of improved tree varieties, reforestation, lumber practices, erosion control, and forestry education practices of the other country.

Drake, George L.

George Lincoln Drake (1889-1979) was employed by the United States Forest Service from 1910 to 1930 and then the Simpson Logging Company from the 1930s to the 1950s.

The collection includes materials relating to the Pacific Logging Congress (1935, 1951); a speech given at the 50th Anniversary Intermountain Logging Conference; and other miscellaneous materials.

Duke University. School of Forestry

The collection includes approximately 900 lantern slides probably collected by the first Dean of the Duke University School of Forestry, Clarence F. Korstian, used in forestry education lectures during his tenure from 1930 to 1959 (and possibly after). Images date from the 1910s through the 1960s, with the bulk from the 1920s-1930s, although many are uncaptioned and could date earlier. The majority depict forestry practices throughout the United States and probably reflect Korstian's early career with the U.S. Forest Service, including his stationing in 1921 at the Appalachian Forest Experiment Station in Asheville, NC; some are from Europe (Germany, Belgium, England, and Switzerland) and document a trip taken by Korstian in 1932, in part to visit forester Carl Schenck. Most slides are hand-colored and matted/mounted.

E

Early Forestry Education  |  North Carolina Oral History Interviews

The Early Forestry Education in North Carolina Oral History Interview Collection documents the origins and early development of professional forestry in North Carolina during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. The collection consists of interviews with four foresters -- Inman Fowler "Cap" Eldredge (1883-1963), Clarence F. Korstian (1889-1968), Reuben B. Robertson (1879-1972), and George H. Wirt (1880-1961) -- who reminisce about their forestry careers. Specific topics discussed include the foresters' experiences at the Biltmore Forest School in North Carolina and their impressions of the school's founder and director, German forester Carl Alwin Schenck. The Forest History Society conducted the interviews in 1959. The reminiscences span the years 1880 to 1959.

Eclipse Lumber Company

The Eclipse Lumber Company, located in Snohomoish County, Washington, was a logging and timber products company related to the Eclipse Mill Company.

The collection includes bills of sale, certificates of forest products brand registration, and a mortgage deed. Records pertain primarily to the Eclipse Lumber Company, but also to the Eclipse Mill Company, the Everett Land Company, and the Everett Improvement Company, all in Snohomish County, Washington.

Edgar, Bob

Bob Edgar was a logger in southern United States during the mid- and late twentieth century.

The collection includes materials held by logger Bob Edgar related to industrial forestry in the southern United States from the 1940s through the 1970s. The collection contains mostly reports and technical releases but also includes articles, blueprints, copies of bills relating to forestry, product catalogs, and statistical data. Subjects covered include cruising methods, fire control, forest entomology, forest legislation, government regulations, logging equipment and machinery, and wood technology. The general focus is on machinery used to log, haul, load, and mill pulpwood.

Esser, Jonathan Keith

Pennsylvania forester and coal industry worker Jonathan Keith Esser (1893-1963) graduated from the Biltmore Forest School in 1911.

The collection contains letters written by and photographs taken or collected by forester Jonathan Keith Esser. The materials date from 1899 to 1920 (bulk 1910-1911) and primarily document Esser's training while a forestry student under the tutelage of Biltmore Forest School director Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955). Esser's correspondence consists of five letters he wrote to his family while on Biltmore Forest School field trips to various forested regions of the United States and Europe in 1910 and 1911. Photographs in the collection document the training Esser received while on said field trips; his work while a member of a U.S. Forest Service reconnaissance team that surveyed forest conditions in the southern Appalachian Mountains region of the United States during 1912; and his experiences while serving in the U.S. Army during the World War I era.

F

Fedkiw, John

John Fedkiw (1920-) served initially as a research economist with the Forest Service and then primarily as a policy analyst and advisor to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Much of his research focused on timber supply, forest management, and issues of multiple use on state and private lands.

The collection documents John Fedkiw's professional career with the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, as well as his role as consultant to private industry clients. Materials included are correspondence, memoranda, research articles, notes and drafts related to USDA reports and case studies, policy research, an unpublished manuscript regarding policy analysis, numerous speeches and papers delivered by Fedkiw at speaking engagements, various publications, as well as Fedkiw's annotations to specific files.

Flint, Howard

Howard Flint was a forester for the United States Forest Service. He was a staunch supporter of the Conservation Movement, often taking a moral or political stance that was in direct conflict with that of the U. S. Forest Service.

Collection consists primarily of Flint's research notes on such topics as forest management, national forestry organizations, silviculture, utilization, general forestry, biology, ecology, wildlife, forest industries, and taxation, among others. Includes notes from Carl Schenck lectures, 1926. Flint's life's work is depicted in Mrs. Elizabeth Canfield Flint's fictional work The Pine Tree Shield: A Novel Based on the Life of a Forester (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., Inc., 1943). Research notes are recorded on notecards and provide a good bibliographical source on early works on forestry.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The North American Forest Commission (NAFC) is one of six regional forestry commissions of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Established in 1958, NAFC provides a policy and technical forum for Canada, Mexico and the United States to discuss and address forest issues on a North American basis.

The collection includes agendas, correspondence, papers, and reports of North American Forestry Commission study groups and committee meetings.

Forest History Society, collector  |  Manuscript Collection

The Forest History Society (FHS) is a 501(c)3 nonprofit educational institution that links the past to the future by identifying, collecting, preserving, interpreting, and disseminating information on the history of interactions between people, forests, and their related resources -- timber, water, soil, forage, fish and wildlife, recreation, and scenic or spiritual values. Through programs in research, publication, and education, the Society promotes and rewards scholarship in the fields of forest, conservation, and environmental history. FHS houses a comprehensive compilation of materials related to forest history in the Alvin J. Huss Archives, which contain the records of industry and conservation organizations worldwide, and the Carl A. Weyerhaeuser Library, which contains than 9,000 volumes.

The collection includes correspondence, drafts of articles, speeches, reports, handbooks, clippings, memoirs, surveyors' notebooks, miscellaneous booklets and other printed items, relating to the lumber industry and to forestry and conservation in the United States, Canada, and the world. Includes some editorial material relating to the Journal of Forest History, but is largely small lots of material collected from various sources.

Forest History Society, collector  |  Oral History Interviews

The Forest History Society (FHS) is a 501(c)3 nonprofit educational institution that links the past to the future by identifying, collecting, preserving, interpreting, and disseminating information on the history of interactions between people, forests, and their related resources -- timber, water, soil, forage, fish and wildlife, recreation, and scenic or spiritual values. Through programs in research, publication, and education, the Society promotes and rewards scholarship in the fields of forest, conservation, and environmental history. FHS houses a comprehensive compilation of materials related to forest history in the Alvin J. Huss Archives, which contain the records of industry and conservation organizations worldwide, and the Carl A. Weyerhaeuser Library, which contains than 9,000 volumes.

The collection includes over 250 interviews conducted with individuals important to the history of North American forests and forestry. Persons interviewed include chiefs of the U.S. Forest Service, employees of other government agencies charged with land management, officers of forest products companies, conservationists, and forestry educators. Many of these interviewees began their careers before the turn of the 20th century; their first-hand accounts of momentous events and critical policy changes provide often detailed historical insight that goes beyond what is recorded in traditional written records. Subjects discussed in the oral history interviews broadly pertain to the history of human interaction with the forested environment. Many people interviewed by the Society in the 1940s and 1950s were veterans of the forest products industry whose first-hand accounts of momentous events document critical policy changes that occurred within the industry in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. As the boundaries of the field of forest history broadened in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s to include the associated fields of conservation and environmental history, the Society's OHI mission expanded to include projects that recorded the reminiscences of forestry educators and researchers, conservationists, and employees of American government agencies charged with managing natural resources. Many interviews conducted over the last couple of decades relate the contentious political atmosphere experienced by women who held relatively high positions of leadership within the United States Forest Service (USFS) or describe the administrative challenges endured by former chiefs of the USFS and administrators of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Forest History Society, collector  |  Photograph Collection

The Forest History Society (FHS) is a 501(c)3 nonprofit educational institution that links the past to the future by identifying, collecting, preserving, interpreting, and disseminating information on the history of interactions between people, forests, and their related resources -- timber, water, soil, forage, fish and wildlife, recreation, and scenic or spiritual values. Through programs in research, publication, and education, the Society promotes and rewards scholarship in the fields of forest, conservation, and environmental history. FHS houses a comprehensive compilation of materials related to forest history in the Alvin J. Huss Archives, which contain the records of industry and conservation organizations worldwide, and the Carl A. Weyerhaeuser Library, which contains than 9,000 volumes.

The collection includes black-and-white photographic prints originating with the United States Forest Service, the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, and the American Forest Institute; these photographs document the work of these organizations in a broad range of activities. Also includes photographs donated by other forest products companies, conservation organizations, and individuals, as well as photographs collected for the editorial purposes of the Forest History Society's quarterly Journal of Forest History. The bulk of the collection is post-1940, but there are a number of earlier images and a few portraits of prominent lumbermen and foresters dating from the late nineteenth century. Some negatives are included. Most images are in black-and-white print format, date from the 1920s to the 1960s, and pertain to the United States, although some images document activities in other countries. Scenes of the U.S. Pacific Northwest are more numerous than images of other regions. The Auxiliary Collections section includes lantern slides used by forestry professors in South Carolina, Arkansas, and Nebraska to illustrate their class lectures (circa 1910-1930) and photo albums created by several individuals that illustrate various aspects of forestry, the forest products industry, and conservation work.

Forest Industries Magazine

In 1962, The Timberman was combined with The Lumberman and Woods Industries to form a new magazine, Forest Industries.

The collection includes company photograph files of Forest Industries magazine and some photos from The Lumberman magazine primarily from the late 1950s to the mid-1960s. There are 1073 envelopes covering 537 topics. The collection focuses on the facilities and equipment of individual companies. Each company has one or more envelopes with photos and/or negatives. There are several envelopes pertaining to industry organizations and individuals in the forest industry and a few envelopes on general topics. Some envelopes contain indexes with the captions of the pictures.

Forests and Farms Photograph Album

The collection includes a photograph album containing approximately 23 photographs and 1 map. This photographic and textual presentation of social and economic services of California National Forests was prepared by the California Region of the USDA Forest Service for the 69th National Grange Convention in Sacramento, November 13-21, 1935.

Forsling, Clarence Luther

Clarence Luther Forsling (1893-1981) specialized in range management, grazing, and watersheds and held leadership positions in the United States Forest Service, Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation, and New Mexican state government.

The collection includes materials documenting Clarence Luther Forsling's professional career with the U. S. Forest Service, the U. S. Department of the Interior, and the Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation. The collection consists of such items as correspondence, memoranda, photographs, field diaries, reports, research notes, drafts for a presumably unpublished manuscript authored by Forsling on water supply in the arid Southwest, and copies of more than fifty articles and speeches delivered by Forsling. Some biographical records and records pertaining to his interests unrelated to forestry are also included.

Funderburke, Kenney P.

Kenney P. Funderburke had a 42 year career in public and industrial forestry, largely with the Westvaco Corporation. From 1961-1966, he worked in Tres Barras, Brazil, as Manager of Forestry Activities for Westvaco, helping set up the Rigesa, S.A. Limitada operation (a Westvaco subsidiary).

The collection includes materials collected by and given to Kenney P. Funderburke related to forestry and lumbering in Tres Barras in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, primarily during the early 20th century. Funderburke worked in Tres Barras from 1961-1966 as Manager of Forestry Activities for Westvaco, helping set up the Rigesa, S.A. Limitada operation (a Westvaco subsidiary). The materials pertain largely to the timber operations of the Southern Brazil Lumber and Colonization Company, founded in about 1900 and managed beginning in 1910 by three brothers from Eureka, California James, Ernest, and Sherman Bishop. A group of copy photographs made from original glass plates dating from 1910-1915 depict SBL&C Co. employees, logging and log transportation by water and locomotive, skidding, and mill activities. Supporting documentation provided by Funderburke details some history of the Bishop family and of the Contestado, a land war in the Tres Barras region fought between rebel civilians and the Brazilian state's federal police and military forces between 1912 and 1916; the SBL&C Co. was involved in the Contestado due to the dispossession of native Brazilians' land and the company's use European immigrant labor. Also included are two circa 1915 cigarette wrappers that show SBL&C Co. scenes, and photographs from the 1974 opening of the Rigesa, S.A. Limitada mill at Tres Barras.

G

Gill, Thomas Harvey

Thomas Harvey Gill (1891-1972) was a leader in international and American forestry and prolific author. Gill served as a forester with the U.S. Forest Service (1915-1925), the Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foundation (1926-1960), and the Food and Agriculture Organization and was a founder of the International Society of Tropical Foresters.

The collection includes personal and professional correspondence; published and draft articles; photographs; printed materials, including books; excerpts from travel diaries (1924-1929); directors' minutes of the Charles Lathrop Pack Forest Education Board (1930-1940). Among the prominent correspondents are Ralph S. Hosmer, Adalbert Ebner, Randolph G. Pack, Arthur N. Pack, the Tropical Plant Research Foundation, Gifford Pinchot, Carl Alwin Schenck, and Ferdinand A. Silcox.

Goodwin, James L.

James Lippincott Goodwin (1881-1967) held leadership positions in several forestry organizations, including director and then president of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association, secretary-treasurer of the Talcott Mountain Forest Protective Association, vice-president of the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, and senior fellow of the Society of American Forests.

The collection includes photocopies of 138 black and white photographs from a photo album and 7 loose photographs, taken during the period of 1907 to 1911. Includes pictures of the field trips taken by the Yale Forest School to camps in Pennsylvania and Louisiana, as well as pictures taken in South Carolina, New York and Vermont, several of which show logging and lumbering practices from the early twentieth century. FHS retains photocopies only.

Greeley Family

William B. Greeley (1879-1955) was a pivotal figure in the history of public and private forest management in the United States. Greeley began his distinguished career with the U.S. Forest Service in 1904, and eventually rose to become the third chief of the Forest Service in 1920. He married Gertrude Jewett Greeley (1878-1970) in 1907. One of their four children, Arthur White Greeley (1912-2004), also worked for the Forest Service, beginning his career in 1935 and eventually rising to the position of Associate Chief.

The collection includes materials documenting the life and career of William B. Greeley, his wife Gertrude J. Greeley, and their son Arthur W. Greeley. Contained in the collection are letters, notes, correspondence, published and unpublished articles, a personal diary, speeches, newspaper clippings, and photographs. The bulk of the collection documents the U.S. Forest Service careers of William and Arthur Greeley.

Gryczan, Edward

Edward J. Gryczan worked for the United States Forest Service.

The collection includes photographs of the Troy Ranger Station, Troy, Montana and surrounding area, circa 1949, taken by Edward Gryczan.

H

Hansen, Chris S.

The collection includes a photo album containing photographs depicting timber damage sustained during several forest fires in Oregon. The album appears to have been prepared by a forester named Chris S. Hansen in August 1968. The album consists of 15 filler sheets each containing four color prints of the Oxbow, Oregon, forest fire of August 20, 1966. An additional filler sheet contains five smaller prints of the same fire. There is also one filler sheet containing two black and white prints of the August 16, 1951 Vincent Creek fire.

Hart, Harold V.

Harold V. "Pete" Hart (born 1902) graduated in 1922 from Syracuse University with a B.S. in forestry and worked forty years as an industrial forester for St. Regis Paper Company, primarily in the Province of Quebec, Canada, until his retirement in 1964.

This collection includes approximately seventy images documenting Harold "Pete" Hart's life and work that were apparently donated to the Society to supplement a 1976 oral history interview conducted by Elwood R. Maunder (final transcript in repository). The images depict log drives, log shipping/transportation, logging railroads, logging camps, hunting, camping, timber cruising, and scenic views mostly in the areas of Godbout and Oskelaneo, Quebec.

Hauberg, John H.

John H. Hauber (born 1916) was a Seattle civic leader, art patron, and businessman.

The collection includes a photograph album entitled "Trees: 1941," compiled by tree enthusiast John H. Hauberg for his family for Christmas 1941. The album contains 105 black and white photographs of unique trees located predominantly in the Midwestern United States. There are also pictures of trees located in various parts of the world and the United States including a section on trees located in the Middle East and trees associated with American Presidents. Each photograph is accompanied by a detailed description of the tree featured in the picture and its significance.

Hempstead Manufacturing Company

Hempstead Manufacturing Company had a sawmill in Hope, Arkansas in the mid-twentieth century.

The collection includes 16 numbered envelopes with individual negatives and 6 loose negatives showing scenes from the Hempstead Manufacturing Company mill and yards in Hope, Arkansas. The materials are undated.

Hodgson, Allen

Allen H. Hodgson (1884-1939) was a forester with the Office of Forest Products in the United States Forest Service.

The collection consists of four illustrated reports prepared by Allen Hodgson for the U.S. Forest Service. The series focused on the utilization of logging waste by logging companies and sawmills in the late 1920s and early 1930s, principally in the Douglas Fir region of Oregon and Washington.

Hough, Ashbel F.

Ashbel F. Hough spent his career as a research forester at the United States Forest Service's Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. The Warren, Pennsylvania Forestry Sciences Lab began as a research unit of the Allegheny Forest Experiment Station in 1932, with Ashbel Hough serving as Principal Silviculturist spending summers on the Kane Experimental Forest and winters in Philadelphia. Hough wrote on Allegheny hardwood forests.

The collection includes materials collected by Ashbel F. Hough during his tenure at the U.S. Forest Service's Northeastern Forest Experiment Station from the late 1920s to the mid-1960s. Materials include bibliographies, dictionaries, biographies, bulletins, circulars, research monographs, reports, and other miscellaneous items pertaining to the following topics: forest botany, forest ecology, forest economics, forest engineering, forest fire protection, forest law and legislation, forest management, forest policy, forest technology, forest utilization, forestry education, forestry research, lumbering, and silviculture. Many of the items are U.S. Forest Service publications. The materials are arranged according to subject.

Hough, Franklin Benjamin

Franklin Benjamin Hough (1822-1885) was a physician, scientist, historian, statistician and "father of American forestry." Hough was employed by the United States Department of Agriculture to compile the "Report Upon Forest" and later served as the Chief of the Division of Forestry in the USDA.

The collection includes partial copies of Franklin B. Hough's original diaries held by New York State Library.

Huss Lumber Company

Alvin J. Huss (1904-1998) directed the development and expansion of the Huss Lumber Company company from its base in Chicago, Illinois from 1933 to 1971. Successor companies of Huss Lumber include Ontonagon Pulp and Paper Company; Hoerner Boxes, Inc.; and Hoerner Waldorf Corporation.

The collection includes records of the Huss Lumber Company and its successor companies, Huss Ontonagon Pulp and Paper Company; Hoerner Boxes, Inc.; and Hoerner Waldorf Corporation. The collection is comprised primarily of financial summary reports, stock certificates, minutes of meetings, articles of incorporation, by-laws, balance sheets, and other corporate records. Most of the documents are in bound volumes, and all materials fill a single records center storage carton. The records document the history of the Huss Lumber Company throughout all phases of its existence under the executive leadership of Alvin J. Huss, who served as either president, vice chairman, or chairman of the board for the company during the era from the early 1930s to the early 1970s.

I

International Concatenated Order of Hoo-Hoo, Inc.

The International Concatenated Order of Hoo-Hoo, a fraternal and service society for men in the lumber industry, was founded in Gurdon, Arkansas in 1892.

The collection includes correspondence of Lawrence S. Clark, convention materials, directories and other materials concerning Hoo-Hoo meetings, conventions, membership, budget, and other matters. Also rolls of microfilm of the Hoo-Hoo magazine, now titled Log and Tally, applications for degrees, and applications for membership.

International Society of Tropical Foresters

The International Society of Tropical Foresters (ISTF) is an association of professional tropical foresters established in 1950 to promote the practice and standards of tropical forestry throughout the world.

The collection includes correspondence, membership records, and other materials documenting the activities of the International Society of Tropical Foresters (ISTF). Correspondence concerning membership and ISTF publications comprises the majority of the collection, though records containing information on meetings, honorary vice presidents, and general business matters are also included. ISTF directors Tom Gill and Charles C. Larson are the primary correspondents from the 1950s through the 1970s. Major correspondents represented in records from the 1980s and 1990s include presidents Warren Doolittle and David B. Thorud as well as volunteer consultants Richard Bossi, Murlyn Dickerman, Gordon Fox, John Muench, Robert Potter, and Clifford Schopmeyer. Photographs of Tom Gill and of the Mexican Institute for Renewable Natural Resources Yucatan Project were removed to the Forest History Society Photograph Collection.

International Union of Societies of Foresters

Founded in 1960, the International Union of Societies of Foresters (IUSF) promotes the formation and support of professional forestry societies throughout the world.

This collection consists of miscellaneous IUSF records housed in five cartons and two manuscript boxes. The materials reflect IUSF activities over three decades. Although correspondence comprises the majority of the records, the collection also contains financial records, annual reports, minutes of meetings, agendas for various world forestry conferences and congresses, and copies of IUSF newsletters and miscellaneous reports.

J

James D. Lacey Company

The James D. Lacey Company was a firm engage in timberland acquisition and management in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, and, to a lesser extent, in the Philippines and other parts of the world.

The collection includes correspondence between the Lacey Company and many lumber and forest products corporations and private timberland purchasers as well as personal and household papers of J. W. McCurdy, which contain business correspondence of the Lacey Company after 1935. Also includes ledgers, journals, and other financial records of the company.

Janik, Phillip J.

Phillip J. Janik (1945-2006) was a forester who worked for the U.S. Forest Service from 1974 through 2006, serving an influential role as regional forester in Alaska during the 1990s. His landmark achievement as Alaska Regional Forester was the completion of the revision of the Tongass Land Management Plan in 1997.

The collection contains e-mail correspondence, letters, handwritten notes, speeches, slides, meeting and conference materials, small USDA Forest Service publications, newspaper clippings, articles, and photographs collected throughout the course of Janik's career in the Forest Service, spanning from 1974 to 2004. The bulk of the collection centers on two major topical areas. The first is Alaska and the Tongass National Forest, where Janik spent time as the regional forester from 1994-1998. Most notably this portion of the collection documents the Tongass Land Management Plan revision completed in 1997, and the controversy surrounding this issue. The second major area of the collection is sustainable forestry, in which Janik played a leadership role late in his career.

John McMaster Shingle Company

The collection includes two photograph albums held by the Davenport, Peters Company. Album 1 contains 10 black and white photographs with text pertaining to the San Francisco earthquake and fire of April 1906. Prepared in June 1906 by the Redwood Car Shippers Bureau, the album depicts the effect of the fire on buildings constructed of redwood. The photographs record the damage done by the 1906 fire while the text promotes the effectiveness of redwood as a fire-retardant construction material. Album 2 consists of 6 black and white photographs of the John McMaster Shingle Company, Seattle, Washington. The photos are not described. It is estimated that these pictures were taken during the early twentieth century.

Jordan, Jim

Jim Jordan (1886-1951) worked seasonally as a logger in the Chippewa Valley area of Wiscosin in the early 20th century.

The collection includes 8 loose photographs depicting early 1900s Wisconsin logging scenes. The photographs belonged to James "Jim" Jordan, who is pictured in two prints. The materials were donated by Jim Jordan's son Richard N. Jordan.

K

Kephart, George S.

George S. Kephart (1895?-1986) was an American forester and government official.

The collection contains correspondence, reports, photographs, pamphlets, legislative records, and financial documents pertaining to forest management on Indian reservations. Includes correspondence, hearing reports, photographs, other papers, relating to forestry on Indian reservations, especially the Klamath Reservation in Oregon, and to Kephart's work as chief, Branch of Forestry, U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Includes testimony, deposition, and exhibits concerning a Seminole Indian suit.

Kinsey, Clark

Photographer Clark Kinsey (1877-1956) documented logging and forestry in the Pacific Northwest, key components of the region's economic and industrial history.

The collection primarily contains microfiche copies of the photographs in the Clark Kinsey Photograph Collection at the University of Washington. Clark Kinsey, the brother of prominent logging photographer Darius Kinsey, photographed logging operations and camps in the Northwestern United States during the first four decades of the twentieth century, with the bulk of the photographs taken in the 1920s and 1930s.

Kinsey, Darius

Darius Kinsey (1869-1945) was a prominent and prolific photographer, active in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Kinsey specialized in logging photography in the late 19th century and first four decades of the twentieth century.

The collection includes one photograph album, consisting of 30 black and white photographs and 2 loose photographs, and supporting materials. The collection centers around attempts to sell a major collection of photographs and negatives taken by Darius Kinsey. The original owner of the collection, Jesse Ebert, sent the album of 30 photographs along with his offer to sell the complete collection to Yale University.

Kleiner, Leon J.

Lumberman Leon J. Kleiner (born 1894) was a Polish immigrant to Canada.

The collection includes one scrapbook that contains approximately 60 photographs compiled by lumberman Leon J. Kleiner. The scrapbook documents the history of the lumbering industry in British Columbia between 1914 and 1920. Images depict logging and milling operations of the Riverside Lumber Company at White Sulpher and McGillivray, including pictures of loggers, log transportation, logging crews and camps, sawmilling, lumber yards, yarding, and other related scenes. Many of the images were used to supplement the text of an oral history interview with Leon's brother, Moritz "Morris" Kleiner (1889-1985), titled Recollections of Family, Community, and Business: Poland, Canada, and Tacoma, Washington, 1889-1974.

Kneipp, Leon

Leon Kneipp (1880-1966) was a career employee of the United States Forest Service, serving from 1900 to 1946. As a long-term U.S. Forest Service official, Kneipp was influential in land acquisitons, including those purchased under the Weeks Act.

The collection chiefly contains printed matter, but there is also a small amount of miscellaneous correspondence, diaries, and notebooks, dated 1915-1946. Forestry in the United States, especially national forests and public land use, is the primary topic.

Kohlmeyer, Fred W.

Historian Fred W. Kohlmeyer served as editor of the Journal of Forest History and authored Timber and Men: The Weyerhaeuser Story.

The collection includes manuscripts, notes, and general source materials related to a Weyerhaeuser history project that researched Weyerhaeuser operations in Wisconsin and Minnesota. There are also a number of manuscripts, notes, and source materials pertaining to Chippewa Indian claims cases in northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Also included are materials on general topics related to the forest industry as well as miscellaneous papers on the lumber history of northern Minnesota.

Korb, John W.

John W. Korb retired from the United States Forest Service in 1993. Among his posts, Kolb was Recreation and Fire Staff Assistant at the George Washington National Forest in 1963 and spent 36 years in the Rocky Mountain Regional office, administering winter sports.

The collection includes 26 color slides and 19 black-and-white photographs that are reproductions of originals taken by John Korb. Korb documented the September 24, 1963 ceremony wherein President John F. Kennedy dedicated the Pinchot Institute for Conservation at Grey Towers National Historic Landmark in Milford, Pennsylvania. At the time, Korb was employed with the USDA Forest Service as Recreation and Fire Staff Assistant at the George Washington National Forest; on the day of the dedication, he was assigned as a representative to the Secret Service. The images depict President Kennedy's arrival and departure via Air Force 1, the dedication ceremony, and the Grey Towers grounds. FHS holds electronic copies only.

L

Laughead, William B.

William B. Laughead (1882-1958) was a logger, advertising manager for Red River Lumber Company, and amateur artist. Laughead's chief claim to fame is the fact that he was the author of several advertising pamphlets for the Red River Lumber Company, which served to introduce the legendary folk hero Paul Bunyan to a wide, popular audience.

The collection includes correspondence, articles, drawings, sketches, clippings, and printed materials, much of it relating to Paul Bunyan stories. Laughead incorporated his knowledge of the folk hero in an advertising campaign for the Red River Lumber Company's Westwood, California, mill from the 1910s to the 1940s. Also included are photographs of the manufacture of California white pine and sugar pine lumber by the Red River Lumber Company in California.

Laughlin, Kendall

Kendall Laughlin, a tree enthusiast from Chicago, Illinois, was one of the most active early participants in the American Forestry Association's National Register of Big Trees project, begun in 1940.

The collection includes the correspondence, writings, and photographs of Kendall Laughlin. Materials consist largely of correspondence, 1941-1962, between Laughlin and various staff members at the American Forestry Association (AFA), including Erle Kauffman, A. G. Hall, Fred Hornaday, and Dorothy Dixon, regarding his numerous nominations for the National Register of Big Trees as well as his suggestions, corrections, and critiques of the organization's publications and editorial practices. The 230 photographs, taken and captioned by Laughlin, document his nominated tree specimens, all located in midwestern states, mostly Illinois; about half of the 230 are photo "collages," where he would place multiple photographs of various parts of an individual tree and paste them together on backing board to show a complete view of the specimen. Also included are a few foliage cuttings collected in the 1940s-1950s; copies of a 1954 article from the Kansas City Star about Laughlin and his big tree hobby; and copies of a few articles written by Laughlin in the 1940s-1950s about the trees of the Midwest.

Lockwood, Milton

Milton K. Lockwood was a forest engineer. Lockwood participated in a two month timber and engineering investigation in the Mexican states of Vera Cruz, Oaxaca, and Chiapas from December 1926 to January 1927. The Ralph R. Langley Company sponsored the trip in order for Lockwood to estimate the quantity, quality and value of hardwood timber tracts on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

The collection includes materials chiefly related to Milton Lockwood's timber and engineering investigation in the Mexican states of Vera Cruz, Oaxaza, and Chiapas. Materials include a photograph album and 234 loose black-and-white photographs and postcards documenting the expedition to Mexico; log book that Lockwood titled "Investigation Timber on Isthmus of Tehuantepec in States of Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico, December 1926"; reports, correspondence, and maps related to the Lockwood Expedition, Ralph R. Langley Company timber in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and Tidal Oil Company properties in Oxaca and Vera Cruz; mixed correspondence; and other materials.

M

Macmillan Bloedel Products Company

MacMillan Bloedel Products Company at Pine Hill, Alabama was a subsidiary of the Canadian forestry company MacMillan Blodel and Powell River Limited, which later became MacMillan Bloedel Limited.

The collection includes negatives that depict the operations and personnel at the MacMillan Bloedel Products Company in Pine Hill, Alabama, presumably during the 1960s.

McGuire, John R.

John R. McGuire (1916-2002) served as the tenth Chief of the United States Forest Service from 1972 to 1979.

The collection includes three photograph albums that depict various parties and events during the 1970s and 1980s. Images include Smokey Bear's Retirement (1975); Smokey Bear's "House Warming" Ceremony at the National Zoological Park in Washington, D.C. (1978); Moon Tree Planting; a Grey Towers photograph depicting Fritz Mondale, Max Petersen, and John McGuire; and various photographs of John McGuire with John Ford, Walter Jahn, and others. The third album was presented to McGuire by the Pacific Southwest Region staff on his retirement.

Mead Corporation  |  Paul Bunyan Campaign

In the 1950s, the Mead Sales Company, then a division of the Mead Corporation, used artists' renderings of Paul Bunyan for a magazine advertising campaign.

The collection consists of 95 color art prints, all featuring different renderings of Paul Bunyan. In addition to being used in magazine advertisements, the Mead Company also mailed out the prints as gifts to various individuals. The art images themselves measure 6.75 inch x 8.5 inch and many are within larger paper frames. All of the prints include caption information printed at the bottom, as well as series numbers on the back. The prints in this collection range from 1 to 75 in the numbered series, and were created by seven different artists: Edward C. Smith, Joseph Bolden, Henry C. Pitz, S. W. Wilcox, Hugh Hutton, Herschel Levit, and John Huehnergarth.

Mexico Photograph Collection

The collection includes 104 black-and-white photographs of rural Mexico in the 1920s, including many pictures of lumbering and forestry.

Michigan Logging Photograph Collection

The collection includes four photographs and a negative of a loggers in Michigan around 1900. Related correspondence describes the scenes depicted in the photographs.

Midwestern Logging Photograph Collection

The collection includes 37 black-and-white photographs depicting various aspects of late 19th-early 20th century logging in the Minnesota-Wisconsin area. Most images depict winter logging scenes showing period equipment and clothing, log yarding, and log hauling via sleds, horses, oxen, and locomotive; a few sawmill shots are included that show rafting, lumber storage, and logs in the water. One image which shows Engine No. 281 of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railroad, and another showing a sled made in Eau Claire.

Minnesota Reforestation Commission  |  Tour of Pennsylvania Forests Program

The Minnesota Reforestation Commission was established as an interim commission by the legislature on April 28, 1927 (Laws 1927 c244) to investigate problems concerning reforestation and the finances of counties and taxing districts in the forest areas of Minnesota.

The collection includes one program booklet prepared for a tour of Pennsylvania forest facilities by the Minnesota Reforestation Commission on May 20-21, 1928. The booklet contains 10 black and white photographs and descriptions of the facilities on the tour.

Mobile River Sawmill Company

The Mobile River Sawmill Company, a southern Alabama lumber operation, maintained facilities in Mount Vernon, Alabama, about 30 miles north of Mobile.

The collection includes 17 8 inch x 10 inch black-and-white photographs of the facilities at the Mobile River Sawmill Co. in Mount Vernon, Alabama, circa 1960s.

Mudgett, Elmer B.

Elmer Byron Mudgett (1894-1970) served with Company F of the 10th Engineers during World War I. Mudgett's detachment worked at the Levier sawmill in France, providing the Allied forces with the necessary timber for the war effort in Europe.

The collection includes photographs related to Elmer Mudgett's work with the 10th Engineers in France during World War I.

Mustian, Alfred P.

Alfred P. Mustian, Jr., was an employee of the United States Forest Service from 1950 until his retirement as deputy director of the Timber Management Staff in 1981.

The collection contains materials compiled by Alfred P. Mustian during his research for the 1989 booklet he co-authored with Sharon S. Young, Impacts of National Forests on the Forest Resources of the South. Includes largely statistical information on twentieth-century forest management issues relating to national forests in the southern United States (Region 8 in the National Forest System). Much of the data is recorded in management plans for the various forests, but there are also a number of tables, papers, and reports containing statistical information, as well. Topics covered include: acreages; allowable cut and cutting methods; commercial and noncommercial forests; expenditures and investments; forest ownership; growth and yield rates; reforestation and regeneration; timber sales; timber stand improvement; timber supply and volume; and tree diseases and mortality rates.

N

National Association of State Park Directors

The National Association of State Park Directors (NASPD) is an organization dedicated to the preservation of state parks in the United States.

The collection includes general administrative information, copies of constitution and by-laws, committee reports, general correspondence, records concerning congressional matters, and reports of the activities and annual meetings of the Southeastern States division of the National Association of State Park Directors. The bulk of the material was generated in the 1970s.

National Community Christmas Tree

In an American tradition dating to 1923, a large tree near the White House in Washington, D.C., is decorated and lit during the Christmas holiday season. The National Community Tree was renamed as the National Community Christmas Tree in 1924; the name reverted to its original form in 1972.

The collection includes correspondence, programs, guest lists, reports on lighting and location, invitations, photographs, and clippings related to the National Community Christmas Tree and the planning of the grand illumination event.

National Fire Danger Rating System

A team of fire scientists and fire control personnel, including field researcher John J. Keetch, began work on the National Fire Danger Rating System in 1959, and tested the partially-developed system throughout the United States. The system, which sought to determine the probability of forest fire, became fully operational in 1972.

The collection includes memoranda and correspondence among fire researchers and fire control personnel, as well as scientific work product documents such as data tables, graphs, charts, maps, fire danger rating devices, and research project documentation, ranging in date from 1911 to 2004. These materials reflect the scientific research activities of Southern regional fire control scientists John J. Keetch and Dale D. Wade during the development, testing and implementation of the unified National Fire Danger Rating System.

National Forest Products Association

The National Forest Products Association (NFPA), known until 1965 as the National Lumber Manufacturers Association (NLMA), serves as the national spokesman for federated trade associations whose memberships comprises majaor regions, species, and products of the lumber and plywood industry in the United States. In 1992, NFPA merged with the American Forest Council and the American Paper Institute to become the American Forest and Paper Association.

The collection includes correspondence and reference files on federal forest legislation and regulation of forestry practices; taxation; soil and water resources conservation; American Forest Congresses; Forest Industries Council meetings; and many other forestry, lumber trade, and conservation associations, as well as lumber companies; national parks; the Civilian Conservation Corps; related activities of the U.S. Departments of the Interior, Agriculture, and Commerce; the U.S. Forest Service, particularly the Timber Resources Review (1952); the Society of American Foresters; activities of state forestry agencies; forest land acquisition; the Timber Conservation Board (1931-1933); lumber industry surveys; insect and disease problems; lumber supply; the regulation of the lumber industry during World War II and the Korean War periods; price controls by the Economic Stabilization Agency; Indian reservations; mining laws; national forest recreation values; the National Lumber Manufacturers Inter-Insurance Exchange; the Lumber and Timber Products War Committee; also articles and addresses; statistics on lumber production, shipments, orders, prices; NLMA and National Forest Products Association annual reports, press releases, publications, and other printed matter; obituaries; photographs; and other materials.

Natural Resources Council of America

The Natural Resources Council of America (NRCA), founded in 1947, is a private nonprofit group of national and regional organizations concerned with the conservation of natural resources and the environment.

These records are chiefly the files of Clinton Raymond Gutermuth (b. 1900), a founder, Secretary (1946-1957), and Chairman (1959-1961) of the Natural Resources Council. Included are correspondence, typed and processed reports, memoranda, printed and processed newsletters, lists of officers and members (1947-1965); bylaws, articles of incorporation, typed and mimeographed minutes (1946-1971); special conferences, meeting notices, ballots, dues notices, general correspondence, form letters, mailing lists, correspondence and memoranda relating to the organization of the Council and to conservation problems, committee files, correspondence and agreements relating to publications, and photographs of members (1948-1963). Also includes "Executive News Service" reports (1968-1975) and "Legislative News Service" reports (1969-1977).

Nelson, Arthur W.

Arthur W. Nelson, Jr. (b. 1916) spent his entire professional career in forestry, eventually serving as Vice President, Industry Affairs for Champion International and gaining expertise in industrial forest management.

The collection includes 104 negatives and 6 black-and-white photographs taken by Arthur W. Nelson, Jr. in 1938 and 1939 during Yale Forest School field trips to logging camps in the South and the Chippewa National Forest in Minnesota. A second batch of 95 negatives depicts the Goss and Richmond Lumber Co., Cass Lake, Minnesota, mill and timber acreage, loggers, and logging in the early 20th century. Some pictures depict clear cutting.

Nelson, Charles A.

Charles A. Nelson earned his doctorate at the University of Wisconsin in 1964, writing his dissertation on the history of the United States Forest Products Laboratory. He turned his dissertation into a book, History of the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory (1910-1963), published in 1977.

The collection includes original photographs used in Charles A. Nelson's 1977 book, History of the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory (1910-1963).

Nelson, DeWitt

DeWitt Nelson (1901-1996) was national forest supervisor, state forester, director of the California Department of Natural Resources, director of the California Department of Conservation, and university professor.

Papers consist of ten bound volumes of speeches and papers by Nelson throughout his forestry and academic career. Topics include silviculture, conservation, taxation, and management. Also contains miscellaneous documents about forestry legislation.

Nelson, Thomas C.

Thomas C. Nelson (1923-1985) had a long career in the United States Forest Service, eventually serving as its Deputy Chief. Nelson published works on various forestry topics.

The collection consists of one file folder containing miscellaneous personal papers, an alphabetized bibliography of Nelson's works in the form of notecards, and copies of Thomas Nelson's numerous published materials.

North American Forestry Commission

The North American Forest Commission (NAFC) is one of six regional forestry commissions of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Established in 1958, NAFC provides a policy and technical forum for Canada, Mexico and the United States to discuss and address forest issues on a North American basis.

The collection includes agendas, correspondence, papers, and reports of North American Forestry Commission study groups and committee meetings.

North American Wholesale Lumber Association

NAWLA, formed in 1892 as the National Wholesale Lumber Dealers Association, merged in 1923 with the American Wholesale Lumber Association (formed in 1920) to become the National-American Wholesale Lumber Association. In 1972, it became the North American Wholesale Lumber Association.

The records contain typed carbons, mimeographed, and other processed and printed material distributed to members and officers of the association, including reports of annual meetings (1955-1963), programs (1924-1926, 1951, 1960), annual reports (1924-1953), directors' minutes and circulars (1942-67), bulletins (1933-1965), executive committee minutes and circulars (1956-1965), bylaws, and publications of the New York, New York, and Portland, Oregon, offices. Also included are bulletins (1948-1960, incomplete) of the Southern Wholesale Lumber Association; annual reports (1897-1923), programs, certificate of incorporation, constitution and bylaws (1913) of the National Whole Lumber Dealers Association; and the secretary's weekly report of the Pacific Coast Shippers' Association (1921-1923). The addition of 2009 contains bulletins (1990-2008), pamphlets and publicity materials for conferences, Traders Markets, and courses (1990-2008), and other materials.

North Carolina Christmas Tree Association

The North Carolina Christmas Tree Association is an organization that unites Christmas tree growers of North Carolina and others having allied interests.

The collection includes articles of incorporation, by-laws, charter, correspondence, membership lists, memos, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, photographs, Christmas tree buyers' guides and directories, and miscellaneous Association publications.

North Carolina Forest Service Photograph Collection

In 1915, John Simcox Holmes was given the titles of North Carolina State Forester and State Forest Warden, but no state funding was appropriated for the positions. In 1922, the North Carolina state legislature gave under $3,000 to the state for fire protection. Twenty counties matched state funds, and all received a fire warden. In 1926, Harnett County was the first to build a fire tower. Between 1933 and 1938, the Civilian Conservation Corps helped build 52 new fire towers, as well as assisted with other forest beautification projects.

The collection includes over 500 photographs that were commissioned by the North Carolina Forest Service. This collection contains black and white photographs, taken between 1923 and 1947. It includes a variety of subjects, such as lookout towers, exhibits, fire control practices, roads, and signs.

O

Ostrander Photograph Collection

This collection includes 67 black-and-white prints on the logging and lumbering practices in Hamilton and Essex counties in Upstate New York around 1915. Many of the photos were taken during the winter and illustrate logging practices at that time of year. The photographs are attributed to "Ostrander," but their origin is unclear.

Oxford Paper Company

Through sales and mergers, the Oxford Paper Company of Rumford and Mexico, Maine, came under the control of Mead Corporation, which formed MeadWestvaco.

The collection includes materials related to the forestry and paper milling operations of the formerly independent Oxford Paper Company of Maine, which Mead Corporation acquired in the mid-1990s prior to merging with Westvaco. The collection includes resource survey reports containing numerous charts of land inventory data with executive summaries conducted by the James W. Sewall Company for the Oxford Paper Company; records pertaining to Oxford Paper Company forestry operations in New Brunswick (Canada), Alaska, New Hampshire, Maine, and other northeastern states; statistical data on pulpwood production costs and wood usage; and topographical maps, most likely of company properties.

P

Paeth, William J.  |  "The Washington Traveler"

William J. Paeth (1887-1980), compiler of the 1916 guide to the Washington National Forest, later became an architect and designed the buildings in Lewisville Park in Clark County, Washington.

The collection includes "A Guide For Tourists and Travelers On The Washington National Forest. Data Furnished By the Forest Officers on the Forest. Compiled by W. J. Paeth, Forest Assistant. December 1916." Illustrated introduction to history, sights, recreation, and conservation in the Washington (now Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie) National Forest. Includes detailed descriptions of routes of travel through the forest, a bibliography on natural science for the traveler and tourist, and a directory of guides, packers, cooks, stage lines, hotels and road houses based in Glacier and surrounding areas. Removable fold-out oversize map inside front cover: "Map of Washington National Forest and Directions to Hunters and Campers, 1914."

Parkinson, Dana

Forester Dana Parkinson (b. 1885) graduated from Yale Forestry School in 1910, and began a career with the United States Forest Service. Parkinson moved through the ranks, becoming supervisor at the Boise, Salmon, Wyoming, and Wasatch National Forests in the 1910s and 1920s. By 1949, Parkinson held the position of Chief of the Division of Information and Education of the U.S. Forest Service.

The collection includes 16 black-and-white photographs from Dana Parkinson's early career with the U.S. Forest Service, 1910s-1920s, during which time he served as supervisor of the Boise, Salmon, Wyoming, and Wasatch National Forests in Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah. At least one photo appears to have been taken during Parkinson's days at the Yale Forestry School. Some photographs document camping, hiking, and riding, and may have been taken on vacation trips in the area; Parkinson's wife Lucy is pictured in several. One image depicts Parkinson's service in the 20th Engineers Corps and was probably taken at an officer's training camp at Pike, Arkansas in 1918. The FHS holds electronic copies only; donor maintains original images.

Paul Bunyan Campaign

In the 1950s, the Mead Sales Company, then a division of the Mead Corporation, used artists' renderings of Paul Bunyan for a magazine advertising campaign.

The collection consists of 95 color art prints, all featuring different renderings of Paul Bunyan. In addition to being used in magazine advertisements, the Mead Company also mailed out the prints as gifts to various individuals. The art images themselves measure 6.75 inch x 8.5 inch and many are within larger paper frames. All of the prints include caption information printed at the bottom, as well as series numbers on the back. The prints in this collection range from 1 to 75 in the numbered series, and were created by seven different artists: Edward C. Smith, Joseph Bolden, Henry C. Pitz, S. W. Wilcox, Hugh Hutton, Herschel Levit, and John Huehnergarth.

Peshtigo Fire Centennial

The Peshtigo Fire of October 8, 1871 was the deadliest wildfire in United States history. The fire was centered on Peshtigo, a lumber town in northeastern Wisconsin, located on the Peshtigo River about six miles upstream from Lake Michigan's Green Bay. Fires in the surrounding woods hit the Peshtigo area on the evening of October 8th, 1871. In the hour between nine and ten o'clock that night, the town of Peshtigo was entirely destroyed. In total, at least 1,200 lives were lost as the fire spread through northeastern Wisconsin, around Green Bay, and into Michigan's Upper Peninsula.

The collection includes materials documenting the centennial commemorations of the Peshtigo Fire in 1971. Contained in the collection are event programs, commemorative items, publications, letters, newspaper clippings, photographs, and other materials.

Peterson, Arthur

Arthur Peterson (born 1885) worked for the United States Forest Service from 1918 to 1948. From 1920-1948, he was employed as a district forest ranger in the Caribou National Forest in the Soda Springs District in Idaho.

This collection contains 148 notebooks containing carbon copies of Arthur Peterson's work diaries, listing his daily work activities as a forest ranger for the United States Forest Service. There are also 152 small U.S. Forest Service envelopes containing the original diary entries, 20 sets of loose diary copies clipped together, and 2 large correspondence envelopes with assorted materials from the U.S. Forest Service.

Peterson, R. Max

Civil engineer R. Max Peterson (born 1927) became the first non-forester to be named chief of the United States Forest Service. He served in this capacity from 1979 to 1987.

The collection includes materials pertaining chiefly to Peterson's career as Chief of the U.S. Forest Service. Materials include daily planners, budget records, copies of testimony before Congress (concerning proposed laws affecting the management of forest resources), copies of speeches delivered by Peterson at various organizational gatherings, copies of U.S. Forest Service news releases, and miscellaneous reports, correspondence, and memos. Also includes nine photographs of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Tree Planting Ceremony held in January.

Price, Jay H.

Jay Hamilton Price (born 1889) was a United States Forest Service official who served in many capacities. He held positions as a logging engineer, Assistant Regional Forester for fire control, and Associate Regional Forester (1930s) in Region 5 (California); as Associate Director of the Prairie States Forestry Project at Lincoln, Nebraska, in Region 2 (Rocky Mountain Region); as Regional Forester in Region 9 (Eastern); and in other U.S. Forest Service offices.

The collection includes 57 volumes of field diaries recorded by U.S. Forest Service official Jay H. Price. The diaries span Price's career, including his positions in Forest Service Regions 2 (Rocky Mountain), (California), and 9 (Eastern).

Public Land Law Review Commission

Meeting between 1965 and 1969, the Public Land Law Review Commission was established to review federal public land laws and regulations and recommend a public land policy.

The collection includes materials related to the numerous issues shaping public land laws that were researched by the Public Land Law Review Commission between 1965 and 1969. Materials include reports commissioned by the PLLRC; looseleaf notebooks that contain correspondence, notes, memos, reports, minutes of meetings, and other general business paraphernalia issued to every member of the Commission; drafts of the commission's final report; and notes taken by commission member Perry R. Hagenstein at the final meetings of the commission during the winter months of 1970.

Public Lands Institute

Founded by Charles H. Callison, the Public Lands Institute was a Denver-based research and conservation organization that sought to overhaul the Bureau of Land Management in the Western states and Alaska. PLI later merged with the Natural Resources Defense Council of New York.

The collection includes state files compiled by William C. Patric concerning a study on trust land administration in the western states, materials concerning the Utah "BOLD" land exchange proposal, and materials pertaining to the surface mining act conferences conducted by the Public Lands Institute under contract with the Federal Office of Surface Mining in 1979 and 1980 comprise the collection. Also includes correspondence and reports concerning off-road vehicle data and regulations, the Reagan Administration's "asset management" effort, and the Sagebrush Rebellion.

Puget Sound Pulp and Timber Company

In April 1929, Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Company formed from various existing pulp and timber companies in the Puget Sound area. By the 1940s, this conglomeration was the owner of the United States' largest unbleached sulphite pulp mill at Bellingham, Washington, and became the first United States pulp mill to manufacture alcohol from wood-pulp wastes during World War II. On July 2, 1963, Puget Sound Pulp & Timber was merged into the Georgia-Pacific Corporation. Georgia-Pacific continued to operate the pulp mill in Bellingham until its closing in May 2001.

The collection includes two photograph albums related to the operations of the Puget Sound Pulp and Timber Company. Album 1 contains 13 uncaptioned black-and-white photographs of the pulp mill facilities of the Puget Sound Pulp and Timber Company in Bellingham, Washington, circa the mid-1940s. Album 2 contains 27 black-and-white photographs of the company's logging operations in Clear Lake, Washington, circa the late 1930s.

Q

Quinault Indian Reservation

In 1975, a group of Quinault Indians filed the Helen Mitchell, et al. v. United States court case, alleging that, beginning in 1920, the Bureau of Indian Affairs mismanaged forests on the Quinault Indian Reservation to the detriment of native Americans.

This collection includes correspondence, memoranda, reports, and photographs and other materials that were assembled by professional historians Dr. Harold K. Steen and Dr. Robert E. Ficken in order to historically document the forest management practices of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) on the 200,000-acre Quinault Indian Reservation in Washington State. The materials were compiled as evidence in the 1975 Helen Mitchell, et al., v. United States case filed by a group of Quinault Indians who alleged that, beginning in 1920, the BIA mismanaged forests on the Quinault Indian Reservation to the detriment of Native Americans. The Forest History Society generated the final report of Steen and Ficken, The Bureau of Indian Affairs and Forestry on the Quinalt Indian Reservation: A History (1977), for the Department of Justice.

R

Rasmussen, Boyd Lester

Boyd Lester Rasmussen (1913-1998) rose through the administrative ranks of the United States Forest Service until he retired as deputy chief in Washington, D.C., in 1966. He then served as a director at the Bureau of Land Management until 1971, and later as a staff officer to the Secretary of the Interior for international forestry affairs. From 1972 to 1984, Rasmussen served as a forestry liaison to Congress.

The bulk of the collection was generated during Rasmussen's tenure as Director of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) from 1966 to 1971. Papers include such materials as correspondence, news releases, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, copies of speeches, reports, and position papers. Papers cover such topics as the Alaska pipeline, the Arctic Environmental Council, Alaska fire suppression, classification of various public lands, the Taylor Grazing Act, grazing fees and other related issues, mining laws, BLM proposed allowable cut policies, timber clearcutting, and numerous other environmental concerns.

Recknagel, Arthur B.

Arthur B. "Reck" Recknagel (1883-1962) had a long and varied career in forestry as a forester with the U.S. Forest Service, as a professor of forest management, and later as a leader and consultant in the paper industry.

This collection contains 174 black-and-white photographic images taken during the late 1920s and early 1930s when forestry professor Arthur Bernard Recknagel led his Cornell University forestry students on field trips to the southern United States. These images fill two albums and document the school's field trip activities in the state of South Carolina. The images primarily depict students observing logging activities and forest management practices being used at that time in South Carolina. Most of the images have limited caption information. The albums are two of four total albums comprising the A. B. Recknagel Auxiliary Photograph Collection housed in the Forest History Society Archives.

Red River Lumber Company

The Red River Lumber Company was established in 1884 by Thomas Barlow Walker, and first operated in Akeley, Minnesota. Beginning in 1913, the Red River Lumber Company operated a company town and sawmill at Westwood, California in Lassen County. In 1914, the company began a successful advertising campaign the employed the Paul Bunyan tales and images adapted and crafted by artist William Laughead.

The collection includes one photograph album produced by the Red River Lumber Company of Westwood, California. The album traces their production process from raw material to finished product and consists of 67 black-and-white uncaptioned photographs from the mid-1920s.

Redwood Car Shippers Bureau

The collection includes two photograph albums held by the Davenport, Peters Company. Album 1 contains 10 black and white photographs with text pertaining to the San Francisco earthquake and fire of April 1906. Prepared in June 1906 by the Redwood Car Shippers Bureau, the album depicts the effect of the fire on buildings constructed of redwood. The photographs record the damage done by the 1906 fire while the text promotes the effectiveness of redwood as a fire-retardant construction material. Album 2 consists of 6 black and white photographs of the John McMaster Shingle Company, Seattle, Washington. The photos are not described. It is estimated that these pictures were taken during the early twentieth century.

Richards, John F.

Historian John F. Richards of Duke University led a long-term (1983-1994), multidisciplinary research initiative on the impact of tropical land use change on global atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The project was funded primarily by contracts and grants from the U.S. Department of Energy with supplemental support provided by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Fellowships & Grants.

Collection materials include photocopies of journal articles or published reports, many of which originated in the nations studied for the project. The records include: 1) Materials used in preparation of Documented Data Package ORNL/DCIAC-61, NDP-46 ("Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia 1880-1980") by J.F. Richards and E.P. Flint (R.D. Daniels, ed.) Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn. Nations included in the database are: India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, Philippines. Topics covered vary widely but include such things as geological history, paleobotany, coastal ecosystems, vegetation mapping, pasture lands, traditional agriculture, and deforestation. 2) Materials used to develop earlier versions of the database, including materials on Pakistan, Nepal, and Bhutan. 3) Bibliographic materials organized by region (South Asia, Mainland Southeast Asia, Insular Southeast Asia) and filed alphabetically. Citations (totaling 8789) have been entered into a computerized database and keyworded. 4) Small research bibliography on tropical land use history outside of Asia, including some Latin American sources.

Romcke, Erik O.

Erik O. Romcke of Melbourne, New South Wales, Australia, worked for Otto Romcke & Co., timber merchants and operators of planing and molding mills and a sash and door factory there. In 1915, he visited the United States and made notes on various U.S. firms on which he had called, many but not all engaged in the timber or woodworking business.

The collection consists of a notebook containing descriptions of the operations of many of the United States firms visited by Erik O. Romcke. The notebook contains alphabetized entries under company names and approximately 120 loose business cards. Some of the companies represented include: Astoria Veneer Mills, Cowan Furniture Company, Great Southern Lumber Company, Grand Rapids Veneer Works, Hammond Lumber Company, Henry Disston & Sons, New Albany Veneering Company, Pacific Lumber Company, Pain Lumber Company, Puget Sound Lumber Company, Stanley Works, Underwood Veneer Company, and Weyerhaeuser Lumber Company.

Rubner, Heinrich

Heinrich Rubner (born 1925) is a German historian and forest scientist. He has published on the history of forestry during the Industrial Revolution and the period in which National Socialism emerged. In 1985, Heinrich Rubner published a book on forestry in Nazi Germany, Deutsche Forstgeschichte, 1933-1945.

The collection includes photographs, maps, photocopies, and other materials collected by Heinrich Rubner in the course of preparing Deutsche Forstgeschichte, 1933-1945, his book on forestry in Nazi Germany. Also includes some materials from his father Konrad F. Rubner, who was also a forester in Germany. Materials date from circa 1910-1990s.

S

Schenck, Carl Alwin  |  Images from "The Dawn of Private Forestry in America" Manuscript

German-born and -educated Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955) was a pioneer in American forestry education, known for his contributions as premier forester for the Biltmore Estate and as founder of the Biltmore Forest School.

The collection includes black-and-white photographic images dating from the 1890s to the 1910s used to supplement the memoirs of Carl A. Schenck, which Schenck titled "The Dawn of Private Forestry in America, Recollections of a Forester Covering the Years 1895 to 1914." Significant topics documented by the images include: Schenck's impressions of the years when he, Gifford Pinchot, and Bernhard Eduard Fernow were the only trained foresters working in the United States; life and work on the Biltmore Estate; the founding, development, and closing of the Biltmore Forest School in Asheville, North Carolina; and the various professional and community contacts Schenck made while working for George W. Vanderbilt.

Schenck, Carl Alwin  |  Forestry Lectures

German-born and -educated Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955) was a pioneer in American forestry education, known for his contributions as premier forester for the Biltmore Estate and as founder of the Biltmore Forest School.

This collection consists of digital facsimile reproductions of two volumes of Carl Alwin Schenck's published lectures on the topics of forest policy and forest protection. Schenck published his forest policy lectures in 1904 and his forest protection lectures in 1909 for the benefit of students attending the Biltmore Forest School in Asheville, North Carolina.

Shepard, William C.

William C. Shepard was a consulting forester in Berlin, Connecticut who advised individuals and organizations on wood utilization. He served as Secretary-Forester of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association and initiated the establishment of the Natural Resources Council of Connecticut.

The collection includes mostly correspondence, committee reports, and minutes of meetings concerning forestry and forest utilization in Connecticut. Also includes early twentieth century photographs of people and places relating to lumber and wildlife. Much of the collection pertains to the work of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association. Other associations and organizations represented in the papers include the Natural Resources Council of Connecticut, the New England section of the Society of American Foresters, and the Northeastern Wood Utilization Council.

Steen, Harold K.  |  Research Materials

Harold K. "Pete" Steen (born 1935) was a forest historian, author, and executive director of the Forest History Society.

The collection contains numerous materials that historian Harold K. "Pete" Steen collected while conducting research for his 1976 publication The U.S. Forest Service: A History (Seattle: University of Washington Press). Materials include copies of government reports; agendas and minutes of meetings of conservation organizations and forestry associations; and correspondence, memoranda, oral history interviews, and speeches by individuals involved with the U.S. Forest Service and/or forestry in the United States. Topics include natural resource management issues pertaining to the U.S. Forest Service, especially forest conservation, forest management, forest policy, forest taxation, land use policy, and the timber industry. Materials date from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries.

T

Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference  |  Photograph Album

The Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy has as its primary research focus the ecology of fire and natural research management. The association began holding Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conferences in 1962 to provide an international forum for research and discussion of current topics in the area of fire ecology.

The collection includes one photograph album, labelled "Controlled Burning Fire Taken During the Third Annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, Tallahassee, Florida, April 9-10, 1964." Sixteen 8 x 10-inch black and white photographs, most with typed captions. Individuals shown include Roger Sylvester, Leon Neel, Herbert Stoddard, Sr., and Betsy Komarek.

Tedder, Russell  |  Logging Photographs

The collection includes photographs collected by Russell Tedder documenting logging and lumber company activities in various parts of the United States, primarily during the early and middle twentieth century in the South and Pacific Northwest. The majority of the photographs depict the locomotives and railroads used in logging and lumber operations during this time period.

Texas Committee on Natural Resources v. Butz

In response to a plan devised by the United States Forest Service to clearcut a large portion of Texas national forest for timber production, the Texas Committee on Natural Resources perceived the failure of the Forest Service to designate substantial wilderness areas in Texas to be a violation of the Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act and thus instituted the case against defendants Earl L. Butz (United States Secretary of Agriculture), John R. McGuire (Chief, United States Forest Service), and John Courtenay (Forest Supervisor, Sam Houston National Forest). The court ruled that because the Forest Service failed to conduct a thorough environmental impact study before devising their clearcut policy, there was just cause warranting a preliminary injunction against the defendants until full conclusions could be made by the court at a later date.

The collection includes ten bound volumes of the proceedings of the oral hearing on Texas Committee on Natural Resources v. Butz.

Torheim, Robert H.

Robert H. Torheim had a long and varied career in the United States Forest Service.

The collection includes photographs documenting Robert Torheim's career in the Forest Service, from his seasonal work prior to World War II through his position as Regional Forester for the four-state Northern Region in the 1970s, based in Missoula, Montana. Photos in album are largely formal portraits depicting training sessions, field trips, conference, and other events, while the loose photos are candids documenting Forest Service field activities, facilities, and gatherings largely in the Pacific Northwest (Snoqualmie, Olympic, and Rogue River National Forests), 1940s-1970s.

Tour of Pennsylvania Forests Program

The Minnesota Reforestation Commission was established as an interim commission by the legislature on April 28, 1927 (Laws 1927 c244) to investigate problems concerning reforestation and the finances of counties and taxing districts in the forest areas of Minnesota.

The collection includes one program booklet prepared for a tour of Pennsylvania forest facilities by the Minnesota Reforestation Commission on May 20-21, 1928. The booklet contains 10 black and white photographs and descriptions of the facilities on the tour.

Towell, William E.

William E. Towell enjoyed a productive and distinguished career as a forester and conservationist, notably as director of Missouri Conservation Commission, executive vice president of the American Forestry Association, and director of numerous conservation organization boards. Towell also served as a part-time employee for the U.S. Forest Service and later private forestry consultant for a number of government agencies and professional organizations.

The collection includes records kept by Bill Towell, a professional forester affiliated with many important forestry and conservation organizations. The record group contains both the personal and professional correspondence of Mr. Towell; copies of speeches and papers given by numerous individuals; news releases; newspaper and journal articles; and a variety of printed materials on a number of diverse subjects. Organizations represented include the American Forestry Association, Society of American Foresters, National Association of State Foresters, Bureau of Land Management (focused primarily on the Wild Horse and Burro Program), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, among others.

U

United States Department of Agriculture  |  Beltsville Research Center Notebook

The collection includes one notebook containing 67 photographs, typewritten description of the photographs, 6 statistical tables, and a map of the Beltsville Research Center operated by the USDA Forest Service. The pictures show the construction of the Maryland facility in the 1930s and some of the projects conducted there in the 1940s.

United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine  |  "Barkbeetle: Enemies of American Forests" Report

The collection includes the report entitled "Barkbeetle: Enemies of American Forests." Prepared by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine of the United States Department of Agriculture in 1935, the report describes the problem of infestation of barkbeetles in California forests.

United States Forest Service  |  Accelerated Public Works on the National Forests Report

The collection includes a report prepared by the USDA Forest Service in cooperation with the Area Redevelopment Administration of the United States Department of Commerce. This report addresses the accomplishments of the Accelerated Public Works Program of the early 1960s in the National Forests of the United States. Includes 30 pages with 10 black and white photographs, 2 color prints, and 13 tables detailing the results by state of public works program.

United States Forest Service  |  "Battle of the Beetles" Report

The collection includes a report from the United States Forest Service pictorially documenting an insect control campaign against the Engelmann Spruce Bark Beetle infestation at several national forests in 1950. "Battle of the Beetles" contains 29 black and white photographs taken by Leland J. Prater of the USDA Forest Service.

United States Forest Service  |  California National Forests

The collection includes a cross-section of miscellaneous United States Forest Service photographs and negatives from California National Forests, dating circa 1940s-1950s. Areas represented include Lassen National Forest, Modoc National Forest, Plumas National Forest, San Bernardino National Forest, Sequoia National Forest, Shasta National Forest (now Shasta-Trinity), Sierra National Forest, Stanislaus National Forest, and Tahoe National Forest. Most images are accompanied by minimal description. Some photographic prints are attributed to the California Forest and Range Experiment Station.

United States Forest Service  |  "Forest Practices Throughout the United States" Photograph Album

The collection includes one photograph album entitled "Forest Practices Throughout the United States," which consists of 14 pages with 11 black-and-white photographs. This album contains a series of Forest Service photographs showing "good" versus "bad" examples of forest practices such as logging and lumbering. The album also includes a copy of a letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the House of Representatives on March 14, 1938 regarding the problem of diminishing forest resources in the United States, as well as a memo from W. W. Bergoffen detailing the cost of preparing the album. The album was probably prepared for the use of congressional committee members to supplement President Roosevelt's message to congress and proposed legislation.

United States Forest Service  |  "Illustrated Summary of Stuart Forest Practice and Research" Report

The collection includes a printed report of the activities at the Stuart Forest Nursery, Pollock, Louisiana (in the Kisatchie National Forest), prepared by M. A. Huberman, Junior Forester at the Stuart Forest Nursery around 1935. The Stuart nursery was staffed mainly by Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) workers. The report was published by the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service and contains a description of the nursery and its operations. The report contains 175 pages with 100 photographic images.

United States Forest Service  |  Pictorial Album of Naval Stores Industry

The collection includes on album published on December 13, 1937 by the U.S. Government Printing Office for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. The document states its purpose: "Prepared to fill a long-felt need for a manual which describes the gum naval-stores industry in pictorial form...to supplement the work done by schools, extension agencies, libraries, and the like." The 47-page photo album contains 89 black-and-white photos, has an introductory foreword, a table of contents, a "1-page History of the Naval-Stores Industry," and accompanying captions. The publication contains actual print images that are affixed to pages with photo corners. The photographs themselves date from 1903 to 1937.

United States Forest Service  |  Rogue River National Forest

The collection includes digital images of over 4,000 photographs from the Rogue River National Forest's historic photograph collection, with a date range from 1900 to 2001. The images are held on CDs and DVDs stored in 5 binders, arranged by ranger district. Photographs in the collection represent U.S. Forest Service activities such as road, trail, and bridge construction, timber management, and recreation developments. Additional photo topics include ranger stations, fire lookouts, forest fires, burned-over areas, floods, tree specimens, and general forest vistas. Non-Forest Service photos of loggers and logging, irrigation, mining, and range improvements are also included.

United States Forest Service  |  Views from the National Forests

The collection includes a large, leather-bound album produced in the mid-1930s by the U.S. Forest Service for placement on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway's California Limited in an attempt to introduce passengers to the National Forests. Includes views from National Forests across the country with accompanying captions addressing such topics as recreation, wildlife, reforestation, timber management and use, fire control, forage, and the activities of the Civilian Conservation Corps. Images date from 1914-1933.

United States Forest Service and Yale Forest School

The collection includes photographs taken by representatives of the United States Forest Service, donated to the Forest History Society by the Yale Forestry School. Primarily concerned with forestry in the Western United States and California, including images of logging, logging camps, railroads, tree types, nurseries, and other subjects. Taken during the period from 1894 to 1910. Most pictures from 1900, including some pictures of Yale students in the field. Also some images from the Southern, Eastern, and Midwestern United States and two pictures from India.

United States Forest Service, Eastern Region  |  Historical Photographs

The collection includes over 6,000 black-and-white photographs documenting land and resource management activities in the National Forests, primarily in the Midwestern states, but also covering areas of the South and Northeast. Images date from the 1880s through the 1970s with the bulk from the 1930s-1960s. Subjects include fire prevention, detection, and suppression; outdoor recreation; timber management; wildlife and nature scenes; Forest Service facilities; Native Americans; and programs of both the Job Corps and the Civilian Conservation Corps.

United States Forest Service, Southwestern Region  |  Region 3 Museum

The collection includes 7 black-and-white photographs and a typewritten index with descriptions of photos. The photographs depict exhibits at the Region 3 USDA Forest Service Museum, circa 1960s. Shows foresters interacting with the visitors to the museum and the various exhibits.

University of Michigan

The collection includes images used in forest research. Subjects are varied and include laboratory and field equipment used in forest research and many pictures of trees and forests suffering from diseases and other afflictions, dating from the mid-1930s and possibly earlier. With few exceptions, the items are categorized by subject and given serial numbers and class numbers.

Utah Experiment Station

The collection includes a draft of the third annual report of the USDA Forest Service's Utah Experiment Station, 1914. Report has some editing and consists of 255 pages including 50 black and white photographs, 2 blueprints and several tables on studies of silviculture and mountain rangelands.

Urania Lumber Company

Founded in the late nineteenth century by Henry Hardtner, the Urania Lumber Company gained a solid reputation in the United States as one of the earliest lumber enterprises to incorporate reforestation and sustained-yield forestry measures in its forest management policy. Under the leadership of Hardtner, the company established ties with Yale's forestry school and with the U.S. Forest Service that would last for decades.

The collection consists of 66 black-and-white photographs and accompanying negatives documenting the company's logging operations, sawmill facilities, and cooperative forestry work with the United States Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station and with the Yale University School of Forestry in Urania, Louisiana during 1938 and 1939. These photographs, taken in the late 1930s after the death of Henry Hardtner, document the company's commitment to cooperative forest conservation and research.

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Veach, John and John Veach, Jr.

John ("Jack") Veach (1899-1995) and his son, John Veach, Jr. (born 1927), were American lumbermen prominent in the Appalachia region and leaders in professional forester throughout the twentieth century.

The collection includes materials generated, received, and collected primarily by John B. ("Jack") Veach, Sr., but also by John B. Veach, Jr., throughout their careers in the hardwood lumber industry. Many of the papers pertain to legislative and public relations issues affecting the lumber industry, especially in western North Carolina. Major groups and industry organizations represented in these papers include: American Forest Institute (formerly American Forest Products Institute); Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers, Inc.; National Forest Products Association; National Hardwood Lumber Association; North Carolina Forest Advisory Council; North Carolina Forestry Association; Southern Appalachian Multiple Use Council; and Bemis/Veach family owned enterprises. Major topics include issues relating to the hardwood lumber industry, especially the Monongahela clearcutting issue, forest management practices and policies, and efforts to prevent the establishment and expansion of wilderness areas in which logging would be prohibited or severely restricted.

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Washington Cash Crop Filmstrip

The collection includes stills from a filmstrip produced in the 1940s to encourage farmers in the Pacific Northwest to add trees to their farms as a cash crop. Images depict tree farms, woodlots, logging, fence posts and other uses for tree farm products.

"The Washington Traveler"

William J. Paeth (1887-1980), compiler of the 1916 guide to the Washington National Forest, later became an architect and designed the buildings in Lewisville Park in Clark County, Washington.

The collection includes "A Guide For Tourists and Travelers On The Washington National Forest. Data Furnished By the Forest Officers on the Forest. Compiled by W. J. Paeth, Forest Assistant. December 1916." Illustrated introduction to history, sights, recreation, and conservation in the Washington (now Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie) National Forest. Includes detailed descriptions of routes of travel through the forest, a bibliography on natural science for the traveler and tourist, and a directory of guides, packers, cooks, stage lines, hotels and road houses based in Glacier and surrounding areas. Removable fold-out oversize map inside front cover: "Map of Washington National Forest and Directions to Hunters and Campers, 1914."

Weaver, Harold

Harold Weaver (1903?-1983) was an American forester best known for his work on prescribed burning.

The collection includes reports, largely consisting of 8' x 10' black and white photographic prints, but also containing narrative material, resulting from studies of fire as an ecological factor on timberland; also contains related correspondence. Most of the sites studied are on Indian reservations in Washington, Oregon, Montana, Arizona, and New Mexico; also national forests in the Pacific Northwest, the Tillamook Burn forest (1966), and other forest lands. In looseleaf binders (49 volumes). A number of photographs and negatives were removed to the Auxiliary Collections section of the Forest History Society Photograph Collection.

Wendelin, Rudolph

Rudolph "Rudy" Andreas Michael Wendelin (1910-2000) is best known as the artist behind the United States Forest Service mascot and spokesman "Smokey Bear."

The collection comprises the personal papers and artwork of Rudolph "Rudy" Wendelin, dating from the 1930s to 2005 and consisting of: correspondence, publicity materials, published articles, awards, photographs, drawings, cartoons, books, ephemera, sculptures made of wax, clay, or plaster, and sculpture molds. The collection documents Mr. Wendelin's work as an artist who spent the majority of his career designing for the United States Forest Service and who was primarily responsible for creating the image of Smokey Bear that became widely recognized during the latter half of the 20th century. Wendelin's designs for several conservation themed U.S. postage stamps are also well represented, as is his work for other publications and organizations, particularly after retirement.

Western Timber Association

The Western Timber Association (WTA) was established in the 1950s to analyze issues, policies, and statutes relating to the sale of timber from public lands in the western United States. In 1988, this California-based organization merged with the California Forest Protective Association and the Western Lumber Manufacturers to form the California Forestry Association.

The collection contains records reflecting the impact of federal legislation on the timber industry in the western United States, especially in California. The records include correspondence, memoranda, reports, and WTA bulletins covering such topics as clearcutting, forest valuation, herbicides, industry court actions against the government, log exports, road policy, stumpage appraisals, timber management planning, timber sales policy, and U.S. Forest Service budgeting.

Westvaco Corporation

With origins dating to 1888, the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company changed its name to Westvaco Corporation in 1969 to represent its diversified operations producing pulp and paper products and specialty chemicals derived from these processes.

The collection consists of records dating from 1902, when the company name was West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, through 2000, prior to the organization's merger with Mead Corporation. The company's timberlands division office in Summerville, South Carolina, collected the records, which include such materials as: formal histories of the company; news releases; advertisements; resource surveys of current and potential properties; photographs pertaining to many aspects of forestry; signs posted on company property; and general resource materials on forestry in Japan and the United States. Many of the records relate to the company's timberlands division operations in West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and New York.

Wildlife Management Institute

Established in 1911, the Wildlife Management Institute is a small non-profit, scientific and educational organization dedicated to wildlife conservation objectives. The Wildlife Management Institute advised the Public Land Law Review Commission (PLLRC) about the impact of public land policy on fish and wildlife resources in the United States.

Materials include correspondence, memoranda, reports, statements made at PLLRC Advisory Council meetings, testimony before various Congressional committees, excerpts from the Congressional Record, and copies of bills relating to public land policy. Correspondence and statements of Clinton R. Gutermuth, vice president of the Wildlife Management Institute and member of the Advisory Council of the Public Land Law Review Commission, comprise the majority of the collection. Primary correspondents include PLLRC director Milton A. Pearl and Wayne N. Aspinall, congressional chairman of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

Wilkinson, James E., Jr.

The collection includes copies of photographs of Barrett, West Virginia, a lumber company town owned by the W. M. Ritter Lumber Company. The photographs were taken in 1940 by James E. Wilkinson, Jr. who was then learning the lumber business after graduating from college. Includes images of the sawmill, housing, logging camp, and logging activities.

Willamette Valley Tree Farms

Willamette Valley Tree Farms, later Tree Farm Management Service, was organized in 1941. This non-profit corporation, headquartered in Eugene, Oregon, represented area lumber companies interested in researching forest management practices useful to tree farmers.

The collection consists of correspondence, minutes of meetings, annual and quarterly reports, topical subject files, and publications dating from 1934 to 1962 that were either generated or collected by the organization while it was known as Willamette Valley Tree Farms and later as the Tree Farm Management Service. The records focus on forestry issues, primarily in the state of Oregon, of concern to the organization. Topics discussed in materials comprising this collection include: forest taxation; forest management; forestry research; insect control; grazing on forest lands; forest fire control; wood preservation; forest health; and tree farming. Verne D. Bronson, chief forester for the organization, is the primary correspondent represented in the collection.

Winters, Robert K.

Robert K. Winters specialized in the area of international forestry with the United States Forest Service.

The collection includes photographs taken by Robert K. Winters, a U.S. Forest Service forester, during the 1930s depicting tree types, bark characteristics, forest surveys, and forestry/logging practices in Texas, Virginia, Mississippi, and other locations in the southern U.S. Most photographs have captions on the back with date, description of the scene, and technical data about the photo.

Wirt, George H.

As Pennsylvania's first state forester and Chief Forest Fire Warden, George H. Wirt (1880- 1961) came to be known as one of America's most influential forest protectionists.

The collection includes documents pertaining to the founding and early history of the American Forestry Association (AFA). Materials include correspondence, copies of speeches, essays, and addresses delivered before various organizations, minutes of the annual meetings of the American Forestry Congress (1882-1887), and copies of the Proceedings of the American Forestry Association (1882-1897), as well as other general information relating to the development of the AFA. Much of the collection pertains to Dr. John A. Warder, president of AFA for a number of years in the late nineteenth century. Also included are receipts for dues of George H. Wirt for the years 1901-1912, 1917, 1919, and 1936-1944. Also a typed list of AFA presidents (1875-1966), a typed list of AFA annual meetings (1920-1966), a typed list of AFA Special Meetings (1875-1950), and a handwritten list of AFA Proceedings for the years 1882-1897.

Wohlenberg, Ernest T. F.

Ernest T. F. Wohlenberg was an American forester, businessman, and professor of industrial forestry. He worked for the United States Forest Service, for a number of lumber companies within the lumber industry, for the Western Forestry and Conservation Association, and for Yale University as a Professor of Industrial Forestry.

The collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, financial documents, papers, and reports on such topics as forest taxation, stumpage, and lumber companies. Includes correspondence with Holmes Eureka Lumber, Edward Hines Lumber, Red River Lumber, and other lumber companies; together with personal correspondence, employment contracts, and publications.

Wolf, Robert E.

Robert Wolf (1920-2005) was a professional forester and a forest policy analyst in Washington, D.C. whose career spanned 45 years with the USDA Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the Bureau of the Budget, the U.S. Senate, and the Congressional Research Service.

The collection includes correspondence, reports, position papers, research data, maps, photographs, and other materials related to the professional activities and personal life of forester Robert E. Wolf. Topics include the timber industry, timber sales, wildfires and recovery, national forests, forest management, finances and profitability, federal support, various branches of government, and forestry and environmental organizations.

Woolsey, Theodore S.

Theodore S. Woolsey, Jr., (1879-1933) was an American forester, researcher, and author of books and articles related to forestry and forest regulation.

The collection includes 230 black-and-white photographs pertaining to the schooling, work experiences, or research activities of American forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr. The images were likely either generated or collected by Woolsey during the first and second decades of the twentieth century when he was a student enrolled in Yale University's forestry school or when he was working as a forester for the United States Forest Service. Some of the images were possibly taken during Yale Forestry School field trips; others appear related to Woolsey's work while a U.S. Forest Service employee or to his research studies of forestry practices in Algeria or regions of Europe. The images include depictions of: the impacts of fires, weather events, and timber harvesting on forest health; forest regeneration in the wake of such disturbances; different tree species comprising forest cover in various geographic locales; forest conditions in arid, subtropical, and temperate regions; and lumbering, pullboat logging, and sawmilling activities.

Wyman, Edgar P.

Edgar P. Wyman (died 2004) was a professor of logging and forest management, land manager, and civic leader. Wyman was a conservationist and an advocate of multiple use.

The collection includes 4 glass slides and 10 color 35mm slides. Glass slides were taken by Albert E. Moss in the late 1920s-early 1930s and depict logging scenes. The color 35mm slides were takenby Wyman in the late 1940s-1950s and show yarding and mills in Maine and New Hampshire. Included in the collection is a letter from Edgar Wyman describing the slides.

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Yale Forest School and United States Forest Service

The collection includes photographs taken by representatives of the United States Forest Service, donated to the Forest History Society by the Yale Forestry School. Primarily concerned with forestry in the Western United States and California, including images of logging, logging camps, railroads, tree types, nurseries, and other subjects. Taken during the period from 1894 to 1910. Most pictures from 1900, including some pictures of Yale students in the field. Also some images from the Southern, Eastern, and Midwestern United States and two pictures from India.

Yale Forestry Club

As one of the first professional forestry schools in the nation, the Yale Forest School placed a strong emphasis on research, developing a curriculum that included both classroom instruction in scientific forestry and silvicultural field work.

The collection includes letters written by alumni of the Yale Forest School describing the graduates' field experiences and impressions of forestry after graduation. The graduates submitted these letters for a scrapbook that professor Herman Haupt Chapman (1874-1963) compiled for the benefit of future forestry school students. Most of the contributors to this collection were graduates from the classes of 1910, 1911, and 1912, and many were U.S. Forest Service employees.

Young, Laurence R.

Laurence R. Young ("Bugs") was a student at the Biltmore Forest School from about 1911 to 1913 and later forester for Essex County, New Jersey.

The collection includes about 135 loose black-and-white photographs and 20 pieces of memorabilia primarily documenting Laurence R. Young's time as a student at the Biltmore Forest School from about 1911-1913. Photographs depict Biltmore students and activities at or en route to the school's six "working fields": in Darmstadt, Germany; Landes, France; the Adirondack region of New York state; North Carolina (New Bern and Asheville areas, particularly the village of Sunburst); Cadillac, Michigan; and Marshfield, Oregon. Memorabilia includes a Biltmore Forest School examination; a copy of the program from the 1950 Biltmore Forest School reunion, entitled Flowers for the Living; news clippings from Young's career as a forester for Essex County, New Jersey; copies of his obituary; and a letter from Biltmore Forest School head Carl Schenck in 1953 to Young's wife following Young's death.

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