Guide to the Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection, 1938 - 1939


Collection Information



Abstract:
The Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection consists of 66 black-and-white photographs and accompanying negatives documenting the company's logging operations, sawmill facilities, and cooperative forestry work with the United States Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station and with the Yale University School of Forestry in Urania, Louisiana during 1938 and 1939. Founded in the late nineteenth century by Henry Hardtner (1870 - 1935), the Urania Lumber Company gained a solid reputation in the United States as one of the earliest lumber enterprises to incorporate reforestation and sustained-yield forestry measures in its forest management policy. Under the leadership of Hardtner, the company began fostering forestry research in the 1910s, cementing ties with Yale's forestry school and with the U.S. Forest Service that would last for decades. These photographs taken in the late 1930s after the death of Henry Hardtner document the company's commitment to cooperative forest conservation and research. Through such dedication the Urania Lumber Company directly impacted the spread of forest conservation in the southern United States during the early to mid-twentieth century.
Contact Information:
Forest History Society
Library and Archives
701 William Vickers Avenue
Durham, North Carolina
27701-3162 USA
Phone: (919) 682-9319
Fax: (919) 682-2349
Email: coakes@duke.edu
URL: http://www.foresthistory.org
Processed by
Elizabeth Arnold and Michele A. Justice
Date Completed
August, 2003
Encoded by
Michele A. Justice

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Urania Lumber Company
Title
The Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection, 1938 - 1939
Extent
66 black-and-white photographs with accompanying negatives,
1.5 linear inches
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Forest History Society Archivist/Librarian Cheryl Oakes.

Information for Users

Restrictions to Access
This collection is open for research.
Provenance
Unknown
Preferred Citation
[Identification of Item], Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection, Library and Archives, Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina.
Copyright Notice
The Forest History Society owns copyright to this collection. Individuals obtaining materials from the Forest History Society Library and Archives are responsible for using the works in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.
Processing Information
Thumbnail images displayed in this guide were scanned at 75 dpi with a maximum pixel size limitation of 300 pixels imposed. Digital surrogate images were scanned at 150 dpi with a maximum pixel size limitation of 700 pixels imposed. Supplemental descriptive data about images appearing in this guide and with the digital surrogates was drawn from the Forest History Society's Image Database, which contains catalog records for images in the Society's collections. Information presented in [square brackets] indicates that the cataloger supplied the data.

Historical Note

In the mid-1890s Louisiana businessman Henry Hardtner (1870 - 1935) developed an interest in the lumber industry and purchased a sawmill and tract of land from John and Emerson Prestridge in LaSalle Parish. He re-organized the enterprise under the name of Urania Lumber Company and established a company town of the same name not far from the company's mill operations in 1898. Seeking to establish a successful operation supplied by a continuing source of timber, Hardtner sought the advice of trained American foresters about the best way to regenerate his company's cutover lands. He was one of the first American lumbermen to reforest his property, and his implementation of extensive tree planting measures earned him a national reputation as the "father of reforestation in the southern United States."

In addition to his interest in reforestation, Hardtner was well-known for fostering cooperative and experimental forestry projects with the Yale University School of Forestry and with the United States Forest Service. In 1917 professor Herman Haupt Chapman (1874 - 1963), who taught in Yale University's School of Forestry, accepted an invitation from Hardtner to bring his students to Louisiana for field training on Urania Lumber Company lands. Every year excepting 1918 and 1919 through at least the year 1939, Yale forestry students conducted spring field training in Urania, Louisiana, as a means of gaining practical experience in sustained-yield forest management. Beginning in 1920, students lived in tents at a permanent campsite Hardtner set up for them. Their field work included learning how to conduct surveys to assist with cruising timber, constructing topographic maps, laying out logging railroads, and measuring timber growth. In 1915 the United States Forest Service began conducting forestry experiments on Urania Lumber Company lands in Urania, Louisiana. Foresters focused on studying the impacts of prescribed burning, forest thinning, and blackjack oak limitation on the health and growth rate of longleaf pine trees. In 1921 the U.S. Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station opened a branch headquarters in Urania and started to concentrate much of its field work there.

Henry Hardtner was a pioneer in employing reforestation and conservation measures to ensure a sustained-yield of timber resources on his company's forest lands. After his 1935 death in a car accident, Henry Hardtner's brother Quintin T. Hardtner (d. 1952) took over the leadership of the Urania Lumber Company. Quintin himself was well-respected within the forestry and conservation communities. He continued the reforestation policies established by his brother earlier in the century, solidifying the conservationist reputation of Urania Lumber Company.

Note: The above historical information about Henry Hardtner and the Urania Lumber Company was drawn from the following sources: (1) Chapman, Herman Haupt. "The Initiation and Early Stages of Research on Natural Reforestation of Longleaf Pine". Journal of Forestry 46 (July 1948): 505-510; (2) Demmon, Elwood L. "Henry E. Hardtner". Journal of Forestry 33 (October 1935): 885-886; (3) Hardtner, Henry E. "Pioneering in Reforestation". Southern Lumberman 121 (December 19, 1925): 151-154; (4) Maunder, Elwood R. "Milestones of Louisiana Forestry: Henry Hardtner Signs the First Reforestation Contract". Forests & People 13 (No. 1, 1963): 56-57, 124-125; and (5) "Unveil Plaque Honoring South's 'Father of Reforestation'". American Lumberman (20 May 1939): [?] p.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains 66 black-and-white photographs with accompanying negatives. Scenes of forest surveying, logging railroads, log loading operations, truck logging, and sawmill structures, equipment, and machinery are included. A handwritten notice, the provenance of which is unknown, is filed with the original photographs and negatives in the Forest History Society Archives. The notice states that the images are from the 1938/1939 era and that they depict scenes of Urania Lumber Company facilities and forestry activities conducted through a cooperative project between Urania, the Yale University School of Forestry, and the United States Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station. All images apparently were taken in the state of Louisiana near Urania. The notice also states that the Urania Lumber Company, through its cooperative program with the experiment station and forestry school, was a pioneer in the study of reforestation.

Organization of Collection

The sole series of this collection, labeled Urania Lumber Company Photographs, describes the 66 black-and-white photographic images comprising the entire collection. The "Detailed Description of Collection" section of this guide includes digital representations of each image along with a hyperlink to a [Digital Surrogate] displaying a larger version of the digital image and supplemental descriptive information.

Also available for browsing is a complete Photo Gallery that includes digital representations of all images in the Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection. The gallery consists of index pages displaying thumbnail images with links to pages containing larger digital images and descriptive data.

Online Catalog Headings

Forestry schools and education.
Forests and forestry, Cooperative -- Photographs.
Forests and forestry -- Louisiana -- Photographs.
Logging -- Machinery -- Photographs.
Lumber trade -- Louisiana -- History.
Milling machinery -- Photographs.
Mills and mill-work -- Photographs.
Sawmills -- Equipment -- Photographs.
Southern Forest Experiment Station (New Orleans, La.).
United States. Forest Service.
Urania Lumber Company .
Yale University. School of Forestry -- Field trips -- Photographs.
Yale University -- Students -- Photographs.

Detailed Description of Collection

Series I: Urania Lumber Company Photographs, 1938 - 1939

Scope and Content Note

Thumbnail digital representations of photographs comprising the collection are presented below along with brief caption information. The [Digital Surrogate] links to a larger digital image with more complete cataloging information.

- Image ID: Urania1    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man poses with forest surveying equipment -- including several levels, a target rod, and two axes -- next to a vehicle sporting what appears to be a Connecticut license plate in a pine forest. A railroad track is visible in the background. Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of the field training included survey work to study the layout of logging railroads, to measure timber growth, to construct topographic maps, and to cruise timber.]


- Image ID: Urania2    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands with a target rod surveying tool on a railroad tie. Pine trees line the railroad track, which stretches into the background behind the man. Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of their training including studying how to design the layout of logging railroads.]


- Image ID: Urania3    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three unidentified individuals stand in a campsite with several tents and a log cabin. An autobobile is parked to the left of the cabin. Likely Yale University forestry school students. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania4    Image Date: 1938

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man presumably lecturing Yale forestry school students enjoying a meal in a forest populated with pine and oak trees. Likely during a 1938 school field trip to the state of Louisiana. For many years the school held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania5    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of the students' training included survey work used to design the layout of logging railroads.]


- Image ID: Urania6    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man looks through a level atop a tripod perched on railroad tracks in a forest. He is presumably doing forest survey work. Frontal view, with railroad track stretching back into the distance behind the man. Likely in the state of Louisiana. Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of the students' training included survey work used to design the layout of logging railroads.]


- Image ID: Urania7    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man uses a level perched atop a tripod on railroad tracks to presumably conduct a forest survey. Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of the students' training included survey work used to design the layout of logging railroads.]


- Image ID: Urania8    Image Date: 1938

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Four unidentified men appear to be constructing or disassembling a wooden structure, perhaps a well or outhouse, in a forest clearing. Likely students from Yale University's forestry school, which annually conducted spring field work from a base camp on Urania Lumber Company land in Urania, Louisiana, for many years.]


- Image ID: Urania9    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Small stores and billboards line this unidentified street. Trucks and cars of the 1930s era are parked along either side of the dirt road. Possibly the town of Urania, Louisiana -- home of Urania Lumber Company.]


- Image ID: Urania10    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [One man oversees the power washing of logs being pulled by a bull chain from a log pile into a lumber mill or sawmill. Another man consulting papers affixed to a clipboard he is holding stands beyond the washing mechanism closer to where logs enter the mill. Possibly a mill run by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana. Train cars loaded with cut logs are visible in the distance.]


- Image ID: Urania11    Image Date: 1938

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Several men, possibly Yale forestry school students, observe a man wearing overalls who is using a stick as a lever to pry large logs off the bed of a truck parked on railroad tracks in a forest. Numerous logs lay on the ground to either side of the tracks' rails, and pine trees line the sides of the railroad in the background. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania12    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Outside view of a lumber mill or sawmill possibly operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana. The image shows a bull chain pulling logs through a power wash mechanism up into a second-story entrance into a mill.]


- Image ID: Urania13    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two unidentified African-American men working with a log loader in a pine forest. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania14    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Partial side view of log loader emitting black smoke from its stack. A railroad car bed stacked with logs perches immediately in front of it on railroad tracks. A man stands in the right foreground at the end of the loaded train car, and pine trees are visible in the distance. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania15    Image Date: 1938

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A large, well-dressed group consisting mostly of men standing in front of an unidentified large brick building. The young men pictured are possibly Yale forestry school students while on a 1938 field trip to Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania16    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man visible in the middle distance looks through a level atop a tripod. A pine forest is behind him. In the foreground is what appears to be regenerating vegetation on an area that was previously cleared of trees. Likely in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania17    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a man wearing a hat in an oak forest. Likely in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania18    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man sights across an engineer's plane table while conducting a survey in a forest. Likely a Yale University forestry school student conducting field training in Urania, Louisiana. For many years the forestry school at Yale held a spring camp for its students on Urania Lumber Company land in Louisiana. Part of the students' field work included studying survey techniques to determine how to lay out logging railroads, to cruise timber, to measure tree growth, and to construct topographic maps.]


- Image ID: Urania19    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Sign indicating a site where thinning operations have been conducted by the U. S. Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station. The Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana is mentioned on the sign.]


- Image ID: Urania20    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a metal tower or derrick next to a wooden building at the edge of a forest, with an unidentified body of water in the foreground. Structures likely associated with the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania21    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man standing atop a load of logs that have been placed on a truck bed watches as a log loader lifts a log from the back of the truck onto the ground. Piles of logs are visible around the loader, as are train cars behind it. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania22    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of man offloading lumber from a wooden cart. Numerous stacks of lumber are visible in the lumber yard behind him, and a water tower is in the near distance. Structures likely associated with the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania23    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man, probably a forester, wearing a plaid shirt.]


- Image ID: Urania24    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man inspecting the needles of a pine tree. Other pine trees are visible in the distance. Likely in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania25    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of a building housing stacks of lumber on pallets. Structure likely associated with the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania26    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Log loader loading logs onto train cars for transport to a mill via railroad. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania27    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Locomotive engine number 3. "Natchez Urania & Ruston" appears on side of engine car. Presumably a railroad that transported logs for the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania28    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An engineer's transit and plane table perched atop tripods in a clearing in front of a couple of tents. This equipment was likely used to conduct a forest survey, as the tents seem to be located in a forest clearing. Probably in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania29    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Saw and stacks of lumber inside a lumber shed likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania30    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Lumber passing through a trimmer saw -- a saw with multiple circular blades used to cut lenghts of lumber into smaller pieces. Likely at a Urania Lumber Company mill in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania31    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three men using a tractor with a chain attached to it to pull logs onto the back of a truck in a forest. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania32    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of sawmill equipment inside a building likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania33    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Lumber on conveyor belts inside a building at a sawmill likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania34    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of sawmill showing stacks of lumber. Sawmill likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania35    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Oxen harnessed to a large log in a pine forest. An unidentified man stands with his back to the camera with one arm leaning on the log. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania36    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of sawmill showing milling machinery. Sawmill likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania37    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Four men in the right distance look toward the camera. In front of them are pieces of lumber, apparently drying on a rack in a shed at a lumber yard likely owned by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania38    Image Date: [1939]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Bronze tablet memorial dedicated 15 May 1939 in Urania, Louisiana's Hardtner Memorial Park to honor Henry E. Hardtner (1870 - 1935), known as the "father of reforestation". The memorial is fastened to a large boulder and includes a bust outline of Hardtner at the top. Underneath the profile likeness is the following inscription: "HENRY E. HARDTNER, pioneer of southern forestry. Founded Urania Lumber Co., 1898. Chairman Louisiana conservation commission 1908 - 1912. Author Louisiana reforestation act, 1910. Sponsor first severance tax law in United States, 1910. Co-operation with U.S. forest service in research, 1913. Initiated reforestation on Urania forests, 1915. First permanent remeasured sample plots in South, 1915. Co-operated with Yale school of forestry at Urania, 1917. Branch of southern forest experiment station established, 1921. Experiments in controlled burning for longleaf pine, 1928. An inspired leader in forest conservation. A courteous and beloved friend. 1871 - 1935."]


- Image ID: Urania39    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A group of men, presumably Yale forestry school students on a field trip to Louisiana, stand around or sit on the edge of automobiles parked in a forest clearing.]


- Image ID: Urania40    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Sawmill equipment inside a mill building likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana. A log is visible on the right.]


- Image ID: Urania41    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View looking down on a lumber yard at a mill. To the left, a bull chain pulls logs from piles through a power washer and into the mill. In the middle of the image, a loader lifts logs from train cars and places them in piles. To the right a wooden building, possibly used for lumber storage, is visible. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania42    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of a sawmill showing two logs being processed by machinery. Sawmill likely run by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania43    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of machinery used at a sawmill likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania44    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man, possibly a Yale forestry school student visiting Louisiana on a 1938 school field trip, leans against a tall pine. Pine trees at various stages of growth are visible behind him.]


- Image ID: Urania45    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A water tower, stacks of lumber, and boards drying on a rack in a lumber yard likely operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania46    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Oxen and a cart loaded with logs they have recently pulled. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania47    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of mill building in which stacks of lumber are stored. Mill likely operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania48    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Exterior view of sawmill presumably owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana. Logs piled onto flatbed railroad cars are visible in the foreground, and a monorail system used for lumber transport is visible in the far left background.]


- Image ID: Urania49    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two towers, or derricks, at the edge of an unidentified body of water. Wooden buildings stand next to each tower. Structures likely owned by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania50    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two wooden structures at the base of a tall tower or derrick. Trees are visible in the distance, and what appears to be a swamp is in the foreground of the image. Structures likely owned by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania51    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of wooden tower, or derrick, and wooden buildings at base. Two additional towers are visible in the background. Structures likely owned by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania52    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a team of white mules pulling a wheeled cart loaded with a large log. A man is riding one of the mules. The image shows a dirt street in an unidentified town probably located in the state of Louisiana. A large three-story wooden building appears in the distance across the steet; a large tree is shown in the foreground; and to the right of the tree stands a man next to a tall tree stump that has been hollowed out. A door has been cut into the side of the stump, and the man standing next to the stump is holding the door open.]


- Image ID: Urania53    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Lumber drying on racks inside a shed at a lumber yard. Several men are standing along edges of rack, and stacks of lumber are visible t the rear of the shed. Facility likely operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania54    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Truck loaded with logs, mules, and men in a forest clearing. Likely a Urania Lumber Company operation in Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania55    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of sawmill machinery likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania56    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Mules harnessed to a cart holding logs. Additional mule teams and carts are barely visible in the background. Likely a Urania Lumber Company logging operation in Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania57    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Scenic shot of trees in swamp. Likely in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania58    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Multiple wooden carts laden with boards of lumber stored at a shed in a lumber yard likely associated with the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania59    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Interior view of mill housing sawmill equipment and machinery. Mill likely operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania60    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men examine stacks of lumber in a lumber yard likely run by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania61    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of possibly feral pig. Trees are visible behind the animal. Likely in the state of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania62    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Circular saws in a mill likely owned and operated by the Urania Lumber Company of Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania63    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A team of oxen stands next to a cart loaded with logs in a wooded area. Numerous men stand beyond the team and cart. Likely a Urania Lumber Company logging operation in Louisiana.]


- Image ID: Urania64    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A group of men, likely Yale forestry school students on a 1938 field trip to view Urania Lumber Company operations in Louisiana, enjoying a meal.]


- Image ID: Urania65    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Feral pigs roaming through a southern forest, likely in the state of Louisiana. Spanish moss hangs from the trees.]


- Image ID: Urania66    Image Date: [1938?]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Scenic view of trees in a swamp. Likely in Louisiana.]



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