Guide to the Theodore S. Woolsey, Jr., Auxiliary Photograph Collection, ca. 1900s - 1910s


Collection Information



Abstract:
Collection of 230 photographs either generated or collected by American forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., (1879 - 1933) most likely during the first two decades of the twentieth century when he was a student enrolled in Yale University's forestry school or when he was working as a forester for the United States Forest Service. Some of the images may have been taken during Yale Forestry School field trips; others appear related to Woolsey's work while a U.S. Forest Service employee or to his research studies of forestry practices in Algeria or regions of Europe. The images include depictions of: the impacts of fires, weather events, and timber harvesting on forest health; different tree species comprising forest cover in various geographic locales; forest conditions in arid, subtropical, and temperate regions; and lumbering, pullboat logging, and sawmilling activities.
Contact Information:
Forest History Society
Library and Archives
701 William Vickers Avenue
Durham, North Carolina
27701-3162 USA
Phone: (919) 682-9319
Fax: (919) 682-2349
Email: coakes@duke.edu
URL: http://www.foresthistory.org
Processed by
Elizabeth Arnold, Michael Crotty, and Michele A. Justice
Date Completed
September, 2003
Encoded by
Michele A. Justice

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Woolsey, Theodore Salisbury, Jr.
Title
The Theodore S. Woolsey, Jr., Auxiliary Photograph Collection, ca. 1900s - 1910s
Extent
1 clamshell archival box containing 230 black-and-white photographs and 1 negative;
1 linear foot, 3.5 inches;
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Forest History Society Archivist/Librarian Cheryl Oakes.

Information for Users

Restrictions to Access
This collection is open for research.
Provenance
Unknown
Preferred Citation
[Identification of Item], Theodore S. Woolsey, Jr., Auxiliary Photograph Collection, Library and Archives, Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina.
Copyright Notice
The Forest History Society owns copyright to this collection. Individuals obtaining materials from the Forest History Society Library and Archives are responsible for using the works in conformance with United States copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.
Processing Note
The photographs in this collection were originally housed in a single photograph album. During processing of the collection, images were removed from the album's acidic black pages, transferred into photographic sleeves, and filed together in a single clamshell archival box. All images originally grouped together on a page in the album were numbered with the corresponding album page followed by ascending letters of the alphabet. Thumbnail images displayed in this guide were scanned at 75 dpi with a maximum pixel size limitation of 300 pixels imposed. Digital surrogate images were scanned at 150 dpi with a maximum pixel size limitation of 700 pixels imposed. Supplemental descriptive data about images appearing in this guide and with the digital surrogates was drawn from the Forest History Society's Image Database, which contains catalog records for images in the Society's collections. Information presented in [square brackets] indicates that the cataloger supplied the data. The original images are housed in the Forest History Society's Auxiliary Photograph Collection.

Biographical Note

Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was born on 2 October 1879 in New Haven, Connecticut, and attended preparatory schools in Southboro, Massachusetts, and Pomfret, Connecticut. Numerous members of his family from several generations dating back to 1720 were Yale University graduates, and he was no exception. After receiving a bachelor's degree in 1901, he enrolled in the university's forestry school and graduated in 1903 with a master's degree in forestry.

Woolsey spent the 1904 - 1905 year studying forestry and silvicultural techniques in France, Germany, and India. The research he conducted then, supplemented by additional studies done in Algeria, Corsica, Tunisia, and Europe in 1912, 1913, 1917, and 1919, resulted in the publication of his books French Forests and Forestry: Tunisia, Algeria, Corsica, With a Translation of the Algerian Code of 1903 (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1917) and Studies in French Forestry (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1920).

He began his career with the United States Forest Service while he was an undergraduate student at Yale in 1900 by doing forestry field work during the summers. After graduating with a master's degree in forestry in 1903 he began working full time for the Forest Service as forest assistant, primarily in New Hampshire. In 1907 he was promoted to the position of forest inspector for District 3, which had its headquarters in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and in October 1908 he assumed the role of assistant district forester. He held that position, with a brief stint in 1911 as acting chief of silviculture for District 3, until 1915 when he left the agency to serve with the U.S. Army's 10th Engineers in France during World War I. His duties as a major in the Army included purchasing standing timber to be manufactured for the use of the American Expeditionary Forces.

After the war Woolsey returned to Connecticut and started working as a consulting forester. He was very active in national forestry organizations and conservation groups and taught as a lecturer at Yale's forestry school at various times throughout his career. He devoted much of his time to developing the forests on the campus of Middlebury College in Vermont, of which he was a trustee, and to the conservation work of the Connecticut Forestry and Park Association.

Throughout his career, Woolsey published articles in such professional publications as American Forests and Forest Life, Forestry and Irrigation, Forestry Quarterly, and Indian Forester. He served as an associate editor of Forestry Quarterly and of the Journal of Forestry from 1914 to 1926. Woolsey authored or co-authored a number of books relating to the practice of forestry and forest regulation in the United States and abroad. He was a member of the Society of American Foresters and gave several presentations at annual meetings and served on some of its committees.

Theodore Woolsey, Jr., married Ruby Hilsman Pickett of Dawson, Georgia, on 15 March 1908. They had five daughters, two of whom were born outside the United States in Switzerland and France, respectively. In his later years his family resided in New Haven, Connecticut, where he died on 10 July 1933.

Note: The above biographical information was drawn from several sources, including: (1) an obituary notice authored by Ralph S. Hosmer and published in the October 1933 issue (volume 31, number 6) of the Journal of Forestry (pp. 736 - 737; includes photograph of Woolsey); (2) a biographical sketch published in the 1913 book Biographical Record of the Graduates and Former Students of the Yale Forest School (New Haven, Conn.: Yale Forest School, pp. 61 - 63); and (3) Woolsey's reminiscences about his early forestry career, which were published in Riding the Chuck Line: A Forester in Peace and War (New Haven, Conn.: Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor Company, 1930).

Scope and Content Note

Collection of 230 black-and-white photographs pertaining to the schooling, work experiences, or research activities of American forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr. (1879 - 1933). The images were likely either generated or collected by Woolsey during the first and second decades of the twentieth century when he was a student enrolled in Yale University's forestry school or when he was working as a forester for the United States Forest Service. Some of the images were possibly taken during Yale Forestry School field trips; others appear related to Woolsey's work while a U.S. Forest Service employee or to his research studies of forestry practices in Algeria or regions of Europe. The images include depictions of: the impacts of fires, weather events, and timber harvesting on forest health; forest regeneration in the wake of such disturbances; different tree species comprising forest cover in various geographic locales; forest conditions in arid, subtropical, and temperate regions; and lumbering, pullboat logging, and sawmilling activities.

Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into a single series titled Photographs. Images are numbered in the order they were originally arranged in within the photograph album that contained them prior to processing. The "Detailed Description of Collection" section of this guide includes a thumbnail digital representation of each image along with a link to a [Digital Surrogate] that displays a larger version of the digital image and supplemental descriptive information. Also available for browsing is a complete Photo Gallery consisting of index pages that display thumbnail images with hyperlinks to pages containing larger digital images and descriptive data.

Online Catalog Headings

Foresters -- United States.
Forests and forestry -- Algeria -- Photographs.
Forests and forestry -- United States -- Photographs.
United States. Bureau of Forestry.
United States. Bureau of Forestry -- Officials and employees.
United States. Forest Service.
United States. Forest Service -- Officials and employees.
Woolsey, Theodore Salisbury, 1879 - 1933.
Woolsey, Theodore Salisbury, 1879 - 1933 -- Photograph collections.
Yale University. School of Forestry.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Photographs, ca. 1900s - 1910s

Scope and Content Note

Thumbnail digital representations of images comprising the Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., Auxiliary Photograph Collection are presented below along with brief descriptive information. The [Digital Surrogate] hyperlinks to a larger digital image with more complete cataloging information associated with each photograph.

- Image ID: Yale1_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Five men dressed in layered clothing are visible in this picture, as are two horses hauling logs. that have been cut in an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale1_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Winter scene showing an unidentified logging camp. A long building constructed of logs presumably houses loggers' barracks and the dining area. Thick icicles hang from the edges of the building's roof. Several horse teams and loggers are standing to the side of the log structure. The man dressed in white is probably the camp cook.]


- Image ID: Yale1_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men, presumably loggers, stand atop a pile of logs perched on the side of a hill covered in snow. Another large pile of logs is visible behind the men. The log pile ends at the bottom edge of the hill just beside what appears to be a path or road used to haul logs from the forest to the mill.]


- Image ID: Yale1_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Temporary skidway. [Logs piled at the edge of a trail or road used to haul logs to a mill for processing. An unidentified man stands on top of the logs near the center of the image. Snow blankets the ground.]


- Image ID: Yale10_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands on top of logs in a large pile on the side of a hill in a forest dusted with snow.]


- Image ID: Yale10_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Loosely piled logs on a forest hillside dusted with snow at the edge of a railroad track.]


- Image ID: Yale10_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Cut logs piled at the edge of a trail or road used to haul timber from the woods to a mill. Snow blankets the scene.]


- Image ID: Yale10_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A logging railroad is just visible in the left foreground of this image showing a pile of cut logs stacked on a hillside in a forest.]


- Image ID: Yale11th    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Few trees of measurable size are left in this formerly wooded area damaged by fire.]


- Image ID: Yale12_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A pair of white horses is harnessed to a log, which they have hauled to a landing site. The base formed by a few logs resting on the ground in front of the horses will serve as a foundation upon which cut logs will be stacked prior to transport to a mill. Four men are posing for the picture, and slash is visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale12_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of logs piled upon a landing base made of logs. Snow blankets the ground and dusts the logs. Another log pile is visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale12_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a chute made of split logs and thinly covered with snow and ice. A pile of cut logs is visible at the side of the chute in the background of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale12_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Wintry scene showing a man looking at logs piled at a landing site in the woods.]


- Image ID: Yale13_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Five men pose with a log loader that is lifting logs onto a railroad car.]


- Image ID: Yale13_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man stands next to a log loader that is lifting logs from a log pile onto a railroad car.]


- Image ID: Yale13_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands on a railroad track next to a pile of bark that has been peeled from cut logs.]


- Image ID: Yale13_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Bark peelings loaded onto a train car in an unidentified forest, possibly in the state of Pennsylvania. Cut logs are piled neatly on a landing base at the edge of the railroad track. Slash is visible on the hillside in the background, and snow covers the ground. The train car loaded with log peelings has "P.R.R.", "26821", and "Wt. 19700" printed on its end and "P.R.R.", "PENNSYLVANIA", and "R.R. 42 70" printed on its side. It was apparently owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad.]


- Image ID: Yale14_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two horses have pulled a sled loaded with bark peelings up next to a railroad train car loaded with additional peelings. The men posing in the picture are apparently in the process of loading the car with the peelings. Slash is visible on the hillside in the background, as are flat piles of logs in either side of the train car. The end of the train car has "P.R.R.", "52591", and Wt. 24700" printed on it; it is apparently a car run by the Pennsylvania Railroad.]


- Image ID: Yale14_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands in the woods next to a sled loaded with bark that has been peeled from cut logs. Snow blankets the ground.]


- Image ID: Yale14_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands on the snow-covered ground in front of a wooden building.]


- Image ID: Yale14_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A railroad tracks horizontally across the near foreground of the image, and two wooden buildings are visible in the background. The buildings appear to be part of a camp or mill of some sort, perhaps a logging camp or a mill where tree bark is processed.]


- Image ID: Yale15_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three wooden buildings dominate this snowy scene. The snow-covered roof of another building is just visible in the foreground. A pile of firewood is stacked near the middle of the image. The buildings appear to be part of a camp or mill of some sort, perhaps a logging camp or a mill where tree bark is processed.]


- Image ID: Yale15_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Several wooden structures stand close to a railroad track. Two of the structures have wooden loading ramps leading from the buildings to the edge of the railroad, and a wooden barrel rests on the ramp to the smaller structure. Snow blankets the scene. The buildings appear to be part of a camp or mill of some sort, perhaps a logging camp or a mill where tree bark is processed.]


- Image ID: Yale15_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men stand near either entrance to a wooden building in the background. What appears to be a wooden watering trough stands near a second wooden structure on the right. A pile of sticks and logs lies near the trough. The structures appear to be part of a camp or mill of some sort, perhaps a logging camp or a mill where tree bark is processed.]


- Image ID: Yale15_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A wooden ladder rests against eaves of a wooden structure that appears to be part of a camp or mill of some sort, perhaps a logging camp or a mill where tree bark is processed.]


- Image ID: Yale16_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Hardwoods at various stages of growth atop a knoll near the edge of an unidentified body of water. Appears to be a winter scene, as the trees are barren of leaves and few leaves cover the ground.]


- Image ID: Yale16_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Deciduous trees growing among rocks. Leaves appear on the ground around the trees.]


- Image ID: Yale16_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Regeneration of trees between a knoll on which hardwoods are growing and an unidentified body of water with rocks piled at the edge, probably to prevent erosion.]


- Image ID: Yale16_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man wearing a blazer, tie, hat, and coat poses for the camera in a forest primarily populated with oak trees. Leaves litter the forest floor.]


- Image ID: Yale17_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young pines naturally regenerating among scrub in the foreground; older pines are visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale17_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Bark on a good-sized pine tree.]


- Image ID: Yale17_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man with mustache wearing a dark jacket, a cap, and striped trousers sitting on wooden porch steps holding a portion of a tree limb with a cluster of cones at the end. The building to which the porch is attached is made of wood and has wooden window shutters and a decorative wood porch railing.]


- Image ID: Yale17_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Mixed pine and deciduous forest characterized by many broken tree limbs on the forest floor.]


- Image ID: Yale18_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man and three boys stand in a field posing for the camera. All are dressed for cold weather, wearing caps and coats.]


- Image ID: Yale18_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three boys and a man stand next to a horse hitched to a carriage. One of the boys is holding the horse's bridle. Pine trees appear in the distance, and a pitchfork is visible at the right edge of the picture. A second horse and carriage are barely visible.]


- Image ID: Yale18_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man and two boys dressed for cold weather stand in a field amidst scrub vegetation. A couple of trees are visible in the image.]


- Image ID: Yale18_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Sandy road through a pine forest with what appears to be tracks made by a horse-drawn carriage. Young trees are growing along right side of road; older trees are growing on the left.]


- Image ID: Yale19_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close view of bark on a pine tree. Other trees, most of which are pine, and scrub undergrowth are visible in the image.]


- Image ID: Yale19_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Track through pine forest with pines at various stages of growth visible on either side.]


- Image ID: Yale19_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees, some of which are pine, ring a sandy clearing in an unidentified forest location.]


- Image ID: Yale19_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree stump in the left foreground and the slash at the rear of the clearing suggests this sandy area was logged. Standing trees dominate the background.]


- Image ID: Yale2_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a large unidentified mill with an extensive lumber yard and numerous associated buildings and sheds.]


- Image ID: Yale2_Bth    Image Date: [1903]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: J. E. Henry's mills at North Woodstock, N.H. [New Hampshire. Logs floating on a pond prior to being hauled into the mill. A logging railroad used to transport logs from a forest to the mill is visible at the far right of the picture. Likely taken in 1903 when as a Forest Assistant with the U.S. Bureau of Forestry Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., led a field party in estimating timber volume and mapping timber lands in the state of New Hampshire.]


- Image ID: Yale20_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Mountains are visible behind the limbs of trees in this mixed-species forest that appears to have been selectively logged.]


- Image ID: Yale20_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A wooden fence and several barn-like structures in a valley clearing. Trees ring the edge of the field and cover the low mountain ridge that rises skyward in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale20_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young trees and stumps left behind after a selective logging operation.]


- Image ID: Yale20_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young trees regenerating in a forest area. Many stumps are dispersed among the young trees. More mature trees cover the mountain slope in the right background.]


- Image ID: Yale21_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Standing trees and slash in an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale21_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Logging road or skid trail in cleared section of forest. Slash litters the path and is more heavily stacked on either side of the road. Trees ring the edge of the clearing in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale21_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man with a pipe in his mouth wearing high boots, a long-sleeved shirt, and a cap poses in a seated position atop a pile of cut logs in an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale21_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A small leather bag sitting on the ground in the foreground provides a scale for this cleared forest area covered in slash. Trees ring the edge of the cleared area in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale22_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a suit and sporting a mustache poses for the camera in an unidentified forest clearing bounded by trees.]


- Image ID: Yale22_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man with mustache sits atop a pile of cut logs holding his hat in his hands. Forest location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale22_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man wearing suit and hat stands among slash near a pile of cut logs in a forest clearing. Forest location is unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale22_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Group of men, possibly Yale Forestry School students and professors and/or lumbermen or foresters, dressed in suits gathered in a forest. One of the men on the back row near the middle of the image is holding aloft an axe. The clothing style worn by many of the men indicates this image probably dates from the first few years in the decade of the 1900s.]


- Image ID: Yale23_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of portable sawmill machinery used to cut logs into lengths of lumber in a forest. Several stacks of lumber are visible in this image. Logs lie on the ground in front of the machine, and a horse is partially visible behind it near the right edge of the photograph.]


- Image ID: Yale23_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man with mustache wearing suit and hat sits on a pile of logs stacked under a shed attached to a wooden structure that might be a sawmill. Pine trees are visible in the right background.]


- Image ID: Yale23_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Yale University's Marsh Hall, located at 360 Prospect Street in New Haven, Connecticut. The building's architecture has distinctive ornate, decorative touches. In this image, the structure rests on a manicured lawn and has vines growing up many of its columns and walls. Yale University named Marsh Hall in honor of the former owner, paleontologist Othneil Charles Marsh (1831-1899), who bequeathed the brownstone residence to the university upon his death. The hall was the headquarters of the Yale Forestry School under the direction of Henry Solon Graves (1871-1951) from 1900 to 1926. It was designated a national historic landmark in 1965.]


- Image ID: Yale24_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A small plot of tree seedlings or immature plants growing under low, canopied shelters on an unidentified landscaped property. A building is visible in the right background.]


- Image ID: Yale24_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Stand of mostly smooth-barked trees with branches free of leaves.]


- Image ID: Yale24_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A large tree dominates a yard in an unidentified community setting. To the left of the tree stretches a decorative white arbor free of vegetation. A clothesline holding washing hung out to dry runs horizontally to the right of the tree, and a wooden fence is visible behind the clothesline.]


- Image ID: Yale25_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Brush arbor on landscaped lawn. Tree or plant seedlings are growing low to the ground under canopies behind the arbor.]


- Image ID: Yale25_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Canopy-covered tree seedlings or young plants growing in an unidentified setting.]


- Image ID: Yale25_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A Yale University crew team either lifting their boat out of or into an unidentified body of water. Onlookers line a walkway above a stone retaining wall behind the team. Most of the team members are wearing sweatshirts with the school letter "Y" printed on the front and the year printed on the back.]


- Image ID: Yale25_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Eight members of a Yale University rowing team scull through an unidentified body of water. The ninth member of the team, the coxswain, sits at the front of the boat facing the team and directs the rowing by speaking through a megaphone.]


- Image ID: Yale26_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [What appears to be a clipboard and a small, square leather bag rest atop a large tree stump in an unidentified location. The paraphernalia is similar to that carried by foresters who took measurements while doing field work in forests in the early twentieth century. The tree stump is quite large compared to the diameter of the standing trees in this forest.]


- Image ID: Yale26_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified forest scene showing wildflowers in front of a row of young trees with taller trees in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale26_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man stands in the shadows resting a hand against a tree just left of center in this image showing what appears to be wind damage to trees. A tree trunk, limbs, and a tall stump that have suffered damage appear right of center. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale26_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A slender tree almost devoid of limbs with a "Y"-shape configuration stands in the foreground, perpendicular to three long branches stretching horizontally from right to left behind the foreground tree. Leaves litter the forest floor, and many thin trees similar to the foreground tree, as well as different tree species retaining more leaves, are visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale27_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a jacket and a dark hat stands near the middle of the image surveying wind damage to numerous downed trees in an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale27_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Scrub vegetation and what appears to be dead trees of various short heights dominate the foreground of this image. A settlement with widely dispersed structures, several of which are quite large, rests at the bases of the rolling hills in the background. The short tree in the middle foreground appears to have experienced fire damage. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale28_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified forest dominated by trees of species that are characterized by smooth bark. A man wearing a jacket and a dark hat leans against a tree in the left foreground. Hills appear in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale28_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Scrub vegetation in a field of stumps and the remains of thin trees that are no longer living. Healthy trees ring the edge of the field in the distance. In the left background are a few low hills.]


- Image ID: Yale29_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Regenerating forest with portion of dead tree possibly killed by fire near middle of image. A grassy field stretches behind the new forest in the foreground to the edge of a settlement at the base of rolling, tree-covered hills. The unidentified structure visible in the right background is quite large.]


- Image ID: Yale29_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A few small healthy trees and the remains of a couple of dead trees possibly killed by fire stand alongside many stumps in a cutover area bounded by a grassy field and trees at the base of rolling hills.]


- Image ID: Yale30_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man stands to the left of a large tree in a forest. Location unknown. Birch and pine appear to be the dominant species in this forest.]


- Image ID: Yale30_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A fence constructed of log posts and horizontally strung wire meanders through a field of stumps and young trees. Mature trees growing on a hillside dominate the background.]


- Image ID: Yale31_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Stump showing the formerly conjoined trunks of two trees cut low to the ground. Trees growing among rocks are visible immediately behind the stump.]


- Image ID: Yale31_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees in unknown forest location. The leaves on some of the trees indicate that one of the species in this forest is maple. A few flowers are visible on the forest floor in the foreground.]


- Image ID: Yale31_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees of various species, one of which is likely maple, in an unidentified forest location.]


- Image ID: Yale32_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees, a large stump, and rocks are visible in this image. Little else covers the ground.]


- Image ID: Yale32_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Marsh Hall, former home of paleontologist Othneil Charles Marsh (1831-1899), who bequeathed the brownstone residence to Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, upon his death. The hall served as headquarters for the Yale Forestry School under the direction of Henry Solon Graves (1871-1951) from 1900 to 1926 and was designated a national historic landmark in 1965. This image clearly shows the building's distinctive square cupola, decorative porches and windows, and scalloped eaves. Vines are growing on columns attached to the building, and flowers, bushes, and trees appear at the edges of the grass yard in front of the hall.]


- Image ID: Yale32_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Possibly a large piece of highly-polished sculpted wood or metal?]


- Image ID: Yale32_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Plantation of evenly-spaced, smooth-barked trees. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale33_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man standing next to trees that have been logged in a mixed-species forest. Two fire-scarred pines stand near the center of the picture, and numerous other trees of various species are dispersed in the forest behind them. Next to the man, an axe is embedded in the bark of one of the downed trees.]


- Image ID: Yale33_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Caption 1: View from "Norway Knoll" across "Cranberry Bog". [Location unknown.]

Caption 2: [Several trees in the foreground have clear fire damage; several others appear to be victims of a wind storm, possibly related to the fire storm that impacted the other trees. Most of the trees appear to be Norway pine. A large field with dense forest growth lining its far edge stretches behind the damaged trees.]


- Image ID: Yale34_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View across an unidentified body of water showing two clear stages of forest growth along the far bank. The tree species appears to be pine.]


- Image ID: Yale34_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Structure made of wooden planks resting low to the ground on a base of squared logs in a forest clearing. The structure may have been used for storage of food, tools, or equipment. Pine trees line the edge of the clearing, and a variety of sparse vegetation is growing on the ground around the structure.]


- Image ID: Yale34_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A young man sits atop a tree that has been logged in a forest that appears to be dominated by species of pine. The cross-section end of the log on which he sits is visible in the right foreground, as is the end of another log propped atop it; the man is resting his arm on the second cut tree. The tree standing at the far right has a fire scar.]


- Image ID: Yale35_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A team of horses, one dark and one light-colored, hitched to a wagon loaded with hay and with what looks to be supplies for persons camping out in the woods. The team is standing in a forest clearing; the predominant tree species appears to be pine.]


- Image ID: Yale35_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Caption 1: View from "Norway Knoll" to "Cranberry Bog". [Location unknown.]

Caption 2: [The tree stump in the foreground has clear fire damage; several other trees lying on the ground appear to be victims of a wind storm, possibly related to the fire storm that impacted the other tree. Most of the trees in the foreground appear to be Norway pine. A large field with dense forest growth lining its far edge stretches behind the damaged trees.]


- Image ID: Yale35_Cth    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Fire scarred Norways on bank of Big Fork River [in Minnesota].

[Image likely taken in 1902 when Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was employed by the U.S. Bureau of Forestry during his summer break from graduate studies at the Yale Forestry School. Woolsey served as a field chief for a party sent to Minnesota to collect data on tree volume and growth and predict timber yield for red pine stands.]


- Image ID: Yale35_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A horse team grazes while unhooked from a wooden wagon in an unidentified forest. Limbs from a pine tree are visible at the top edge of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale36_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View across an unidentified body of water looking toward a dense forest. Although unclear due to the distance and quality of the image, pine seems to be the dominant species on the far bank.]


- Image ID: Yale36_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Norway [pine] reproduction in opening around cabin -- mature timber.


- Image ID: Yale36_Cth    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Caption 1: Characteristic fire scar on mature Norway [red pine]. The crown of this tree was still healthy.

Caption 2: "cat-faced" Norway [red pine] caused by repeated fire scars. Big Fork River [Minnesota].

[Image likely taken in 1902 when Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was employed by the U.S. Bureau of Forestry during his summer break from graduate studies at the Yale Forestry School. Woolsey served as a field chief for a party sent to Minnesota to collect data on tree volume and growth and predict timber yield for red pine stands.]


- Image ID: Yale37_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man and woman stand on the porch of a house made of wood with log buildings attached. The house is made from wooden planks and has wooden shingles on the front side above the windows over the porch.]


- Image ID: Yale37_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified camp cook in a campsite, likely that of foresters working for the U.S. Bureau of Forestry in the early twentieth century.]


- Image ID: Yale37_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Reflection of trees on far bank in an unidentified body of water.]


- Image ID: Yale38_Ath    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: "Headworks" used for rafting logs. Bass Lake. [Near Ely, Minnesota, in St. Louis County.]

[Image likely taken in 1902 when Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was employed by the U.S. Bureau of Forestry during his summer break from graduate studies at the Yale Forestry School. Woolsey served as a field chief for a party sent to Minnesota to collect data on tree volume and growth and predict timber yield for red pine stands.]


- Image ID: Yale38_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two unidentified men and a horse stand in the yard of a log house. Wooden fences and a wooden barrel are visible in the image.]


- Image ID: Yale38_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands in a forest next to several sections of a tree that has been cut down.]


- Image ID: Yale38_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Norway [red pine] reproduction in windfall -- mature timber. Few young jack pines in background.


- Image ID: Yale39_Ath    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Caption 1: Clear Lake, merchantable Norway [red pine] to right of picture. Big Fork River.

Caption 2: Mature Norway [red pine] growing in mixture with young birch, etc.

[Image taken in 1902 when Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was employed by the U.S. Bureau of Forestry during his summer break from graduate studies at the Yale Forestry School. Woolsey served as a field chief for a party sent to Minnesota to collect data on tree volume and growth and predict timber yield for red pine stands.]


- Image ID: Yale39_Bth    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Mature Norway [red pine], Big Fork River.

[Image taken in 1902 when Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., was employed by the U.S. Bureau of Forestry during his summer break from graduate studies at the Yale Forestry School. Woolsey served as a field chief for a party sent to Minnesota to collect data on tree volume and growth and predict timber yield for red pine stands.]


- Image ID: Yale3th    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A wide notch cut into the trunk of a tree with a vertical scar beneath the notch. Palmetto trees surround the notched tree. Photograph likely taken in the southeastern United States, where palmetto is a native species.]


- Image ID: Yale4_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree dominates this scene of a backyard in an unidentified town. Also visible are a clothesline and an untidy pile of what appears to be wooden boards.]


- Image ID: Yale4_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three trees sprouting from a single trunk, which has a large hole near its base.]


- Image ID: Yale4_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees and a light dusting of snow on the ground compose this image of an unidentified woodland in winter.]


- Image ID: Yale4_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree that looks to have fallen or been cut lies at the edge of a clearing.]


- Image ID: Yale40_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees growing among and near a rock outcropping. The trunks of several trees in the right background and of two trees near the rocks in the middle of the image are joined together near the ground. A small stump was cut low to the ground at the left side of the image. Many of the leaves on the ground appear to be from oak trees.]


- Image ID: Yale40_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A wooden fence lines the left side of a wide path, possibly a narrow road, that is covered in snow and bounded by trees on either side.]


- Image ID: Yale40_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man wearing a hat perches on top of a large cut log near its cut end. Another cut tree almost twice the size of the one on which the man sits rests beside it. Part of some type of chain apparatus, presumably used to move the heavy logs, is visible above the logs. Possibly a sawmill. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale41_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree that has either fallen or been selectively logged lies horizontally across the foreground of this image. Pine trees are growing in the background, with a few clustered closer to the center of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale41_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Low forest undergrowth in pine forest. Several trees are lying on the forest floor, and a number exhibit scars from a forest fire.]


- Image ID: Yale41_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Pine trees standing near the center of the image show damage from fire near the base of their trunks. A few downed trees lie on the forest floor deeper into the woods.]


- Image ID: Yale41_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man uses an axe to chop a notch into the trunk of a medium-sized tree.]


- Image ID: Yale42th    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tall tree lying horizontally on the forest floor sets off the remaining standing pines in this view of an unidentified forest. A few other fallen trees are visible to the left, and forest undergrowth dominates the foreground.]


- Image ID: Yale43_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: White Pine severely fire scarred, Norway [red] pines with only slight scars.


- Image ID: Yale43_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Several pines in this unidentified forest show scars from a forest fire. A couple of trees lie of the forest floor where they fell when they were cut.]


- Image ID: Yale43_Cth    Image Date: [1902]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Mature Norway and White Pine, showing five clear lengths and pruning qualities. Big Fork River. [Minnesota.]


- Image ID: Yale43_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man with a mustache holds a shotgun loosely in his hands. What appears to be a knife hilt extends above the waistband of his pants.]


- Image ID: Yale44_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Fallen trees that appear to have been impacted by a windstorm or some other weather event lie amongst standing pines and forest undergrowth.]


- Image ID: Yale44_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees growing alongside an unidentified body of water.]


- Image ID: Yale44_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Opening caused by fire -- no reproduction. [Fire damage is clearly visible on several trees that are still standing and on trees that have fallen. Pine appears to be the dominant species.]


- Image ID: Yale44_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees downed by fire or wind lie amongst dense undergrowth in this unidentified pine forest. A few trees appear to show distinct fire scars.]


- Image ID: Yale45th    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [The bottom trunk and branches of a pine tree that has either been logged or has fallen dominate the left foreground of this image showing a dense section of pine forest.]


- Image ID: Yale46_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a tall hat and an apron tied around his waist -- apparently the camp cook -- stands alongside a forest trail near a tent staked in an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale46_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Tall grass in field bounded by trees of different species and growth rates.]


- Image ID: Yale46_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man holding an axe horizontally near the center the image is apparently preparing to chop more lengths of wood to add to the stacked pile visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale46_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of trunk of pine tree showing bark configuration. Other pines and different species are visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale47_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: "Camp barber." [Two men, presumably foresters working in the field, in a pine forest; one appears to be trimming the other's hair. Several tree stumps are visible; one is supporting the man whose hair is being cut.]


- Image ID: Yale47_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A number of thin pine trees near the center of this image appear to have suffered damage from a wind storm while the remains of other trees on the hill in the background appear to have been victims of a forest fire. Several fallen trees are visible in the distance behind the trees that remain standing in the right foreground which appear to be in good health.]


- Image ID: Yale47_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a white shirt and dark vest stands in front of a stand of pine regrowth in front of a sandy road that cuts through this unidentified pine forest. Mature pine trees tower above and behind the regenerating pines. A single stump is visible to the left of the man near the edge of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale47_Dth    Image Date: 1902

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A forester measures red pine forest regeneration after lumbering in Carlton County, Minnesota.]


- Image ID: Yale48_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A single tall tree towers above the brush and undergrowth all around it. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale48_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Beams of sunlight highlight the undergrowth blanketing the ground in an unidentified pine forest.]


- Image ID: Yale48_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A cluster of mature pines stands to the right of a sandy road stretching diagonally across this image. Undergrowth and brush line the track.]


- Image ID: Yale48_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Undergrowth abounds around a tall, mature pine tree near the center of this image. Additional trees of mixed species stand in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale49_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree whose trunk is in shreds and has broken dominates this view of a forest in which several trees are lying on the ground, apparently victims of a wind storm. Most of the trees appear to be a species of pine.]


- Image ID: Yale49_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Several tents staked on the floor of an unidentified forest.]


- Image ID: Yale49_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees exhibiting signs of fire damage near the base of their trunks stand in a forest area with very little undergrowth. A rifle is leaning against the tree standing near the center of the image. Brush, small bushes, and trees of a different species are growing at the edge of the clearing in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale5_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a white oak tree with a wound caused by cold weather.]


- Image ID: Yale5_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A small stand of trees dominates the foreground of this scene. A thicker grouping of trees is visible in the distance, and a small icy patch of water is visible to the left of the stand of trees.]


- Image ID: Yale5_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees and boulders in an unidentified forest. The leaves on the ground suggest this is a winter or autumn scene.]


- Image ID: Yale5_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified standing body of water with trees on its banks.]


- Image ID: Yale50_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of pine trees growing in a forest. The trunks of the trees have a relatively small diameter. The image was shot looking up at the crowns of the trees from a standpoint very close to the ground.]


- Image ID: Yale50_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Short pine trees apparently regenerating naturally in a forest area that was logged. Note the large tree stump in the middle of the picture next to a trail running diagonally across the foreground of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale51_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: Young Norway [pine] on shore of lake. [Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale51_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young pine trees regenerating naturally around older stand of tall pines.]


- Image ID: Yale51_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Pine trees growing in the distance beyond a marshy area closer to the foreground of this image.]


- Image ID: Yale51_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A single young pine tree growing in a field that is ringed at the edge with taller pines.]


- Image ID: Yale52_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Trees downed and damaged by a forest fire. An unidentified body of water is visible in the far distance.]


- Image ID: Yale52_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Pine trees regenerating naturally amongst undergrowth in a cleared forest area. Larger pine trees stand in the background at the edge of the cleared area.]


- Image ID: Yale52_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a man, possibly forester T. Salisbury Woolsey, holding onto a tree trunk as he climbs a rocky ridge. Snow covers the ground beneath him.]


- Image ID: Yale53_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man stands with his back to the camera in a forest blanketed with snow.]


- Image ID: Yale53_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man, quite possibly forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr. (1879 - 1933), stands on a snowy bank next to an unidentified river or mountain stream.]


- Image ID: Yale53_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Woolsey leans a hand against a tree exhibiting a large scar while standing in snow at the edge of an unidentified river.]


- Image ID: Yale53_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified man wearing a military-style hat leans a gloved hand against the trunk of a tree standing near the edge of an unidentified river. A think coat of ice covers the edge of the water near the bank, and snow blankets the landscape.]


- Image ID: Yale54_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a man, possibly forester T. Salisbury Woolsey, Jr. (1879 - 1933), holding onto a tree trunk as he perches on a rocky ridge. Snow covers the ground beneath him.]


- Image ID: Yale54_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Snow blankets the landscape in this scenic shot showing mountains in the far distance, trees in the middle distance, and a wooden fence in the foreground.]


- Image ID: Yale54_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man dressed warmly for the winter weather stands in ankle-deep snow near a short tree with long branches devoid of leaves. Trees of various species, some still retaining leaves, line the edge of a forest in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale54_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [House with covered porch stands in the distance atop a rocky outcropping. Numerous trees, most of which are devoid of leaves, stand across the snow-covered landscape pictured here. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale55_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man stands knee-deep in a swampy forest in which numerous tree species are growing, including cypress and palm. A large stump is behind him on the left, and several trees lie where they have fallen after having been cut down. The location is unknown but appears similar to the landscape of the southern United States. The man, apparently an African-American, is holding a large metal chain which will be attached to the pullboat cone (large, cone-shaped metal object with rivets along its side) resting in the water just behind him on the right. The wide end of the pullboat cone will encircle the cut end of a log, which will be secured to the cone. The chain, or a cable to which it is hooked, will extend to the deck of a pullboat.]


- Image ID: Yale55_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men, presumably African-Americans, stand in front of the stump of a large cypress tree in a swampy forest most likely located in the extreme southern United States. Numerous other tree species, including palms, are growing in the forest. Two large metal pullboat cones rest against the trunk of the large cypress that has been felled. The men are in the process of attaching cut logs to the wide ends of the cones; once attached, chains or cables linked to a pullboat will pull the cones and logs across water.]


- Image ID: Yale55_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Wood from the pile stacked on the right end of this vessel is being burned to produce the steam needed to power the cables (visible to the left) used to pull individual logs or rafts of logs across this unidentified body of water.]


- Image ID: Yale55_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men stand in a swampy forest next to a large pullboat cone (metal object with riveted surface typically attached to the end of cut logs to prevent logs from snagging on debris when they were pulled by chain or cable across water). One of the men, both of whom are presumably African-Americans, holds an axe in his hands; the other is holding the handle of some type of object, possibly an axe, as well. The swamp in which they stand resembles those found in the extreme southern United States and contains numerous tree species. Palm fronds are visible behind the two men, and cut trees lie on the ground and in the water around them.]


- Image ID: Yale56_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Dense growth of palms and other trees in a swamp setting that highly resembles those that can be found in the extreme southern United States.]


- Image ID: Yale56_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Lily pads cover the water in this swamp, and trees of various species, including palm and cypress, grow in the water. Near the center of the image, a cypress lies in a diagonal line due to its trunk having been almost completely severed; other standing trees around it are supporting the top of the trunk, preventing it from falling to the ground. The landscape is similar swamplands in the extreme southern United States.]


- Image ID: Yale56_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [In the distance can be seen a steam-powered pullboat, which was used to pull logs across water. Spanish moss hangs from the trees lining the edge of this river. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale56_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two African-American men stand in a swampy >forest next to a large pullboat cone (metal object with riveted surface typically attached to the end of cut logs to prevent logs from snagging on debris when they were pulled by chain or cable across water). Pullboat cones were used briefly in the southern United States around the time of the early twentieth century. In this image, cut trees lie on the ground and in the water around the men.]


- Image ID: Yale57_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Standing and downed trees in swamp forest. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale57_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three African-American workers pose in a swamp forest likely located in the southern United States. One man is sitting atop a felled tree resting in the water, and another holds the handle of an axe on top of his right shoulder.]


- Image ID: Yale57_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Large stumps, thick branches, brush vegetation, and trees of various species appear in this image of a swamp most likely located in the southern United States. Spanish moss hangs from many trees, and palm fronds hang in the right top corner of the image. The unidentified African-American posing ankle-deep in the swamp is likely a forest industry worker responsible for either cutting down trees or transporting cut trees out of dense swamp areas to a mill or yarding area.]


- Image ID: Yale57_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [The large end of pullboat cone rests near the end of a cut log in a swamp forest populated with palm, cypress, and other tree species. Pullboat cones were used briefly around the time of the early twentieth century in the extreme southern United States to prevent the ends of logs from snagging on debris when they were pulled through water by a chain or a cable attached to a pullboat. Typically, a cable or chain was weeded through the small end of a pullboat cone and attached to the end of a log, which rested inside the cone.]


- Image ID: Yale58_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A tree with many branches that appears to have been felled rests on its side in a forest near water.]


- Image ID: Yale58_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Near the center of the image a pullboat floats near the shoreline of an unidentified body of water. A palm tree stands on the right shore, and numerous plants and trees populate the forest. The cable mechanisms used to pull cut logs across water are visible on the vessel's left end. Location is likely somewhere in the southern United States.]


- Image ID: Yale58_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Dragging through the water are cables that connect cut logs to a pullboat. The unseen pullboat is transporting logs across the waterway via the cables. Likely in the southern United States.]


- Image ID: Yale58_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two metal pullboat cones chained to a log in a forest. Typically, cables would have been hooked to the small ends of the cones and attached to a pullboat vessel, which transported logs across waterways. Pullboat cones were used briefly in the southern United States around the time of the early twentieth century.]


- Image ID: Yale59_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Numerous tall palms are growing in what looks like sandy soil. Logs cut in straight lengths are lying side-by-side on the ground near the middle of the image. Smaller logs of varying lengths lie spaced out on the ground in front of the larger logs.]


- Image ID: Yale59_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [In the foreground, several cut logs are floating on the surface of an unidentified body of water. Spanish moss drapes from the limbs of tall trees standing on the far bank.]


- Image ID: Yale59_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Pullboat floating near the shoreline of an unidentified body of water. A palm tree stands on the right shore, and numerous plants and trees populate the forest. A man is perched atop one of the cable mechanisms used to pull cut logs across water visible on the vessel's left end; another man is working toward the right end of the boat. Location is likely in the southern United States.]


- Image ID: Yale6_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified body of water, which appears to be partly covered with ice, dominates this view. Visible in the background is a forest that appears to have been partially logged.]


- Image ID: Yale6_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified icy body of water is visible in the foreground of the image; in the background a partially logged forest is visible.]


- Image ID: Yale6_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [This image focusing on a forest canopy and the sky is apparently a winter scene since no leaves are visible on tree branches.]


- Image ID: Yale6_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A light dusting of snow blankets the ground cover in this picture of a forest in winter.]


- Image ID: Yale60_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [The men pictured are pausing in their work, which consists of felling trees and pulling them out of the swamp forest to a mill or yarding area. The transportation method they are working with involves cables running from pullboats to pullboat cones, which the workers attach to the ends of cut logs to prevent the logs from snagging on debris when they are hauled through water. Such technology was used briefly in the extreme southern United States during the early twentieth century.]


- Image ID: Yale60_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Spanish moss dangles from trees along the banks of this unidentified waterway likely located in the southern United States. The two wooden structures at water's edge are possibly places where loggers stayed while logging in swampy areas. A boat with a smaller rowboat tied atop it floats beside the structures.]


- Image ID: Yale60_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A high lead cable yarding operation whereby logs are moved across terrain via cables and pulleys attached to a tall wooden spar. The yarding machine next to the spar is apparently steam-driven and powered through the burning of wood. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale61_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A small pullboat cone (attached to the ends of logs to prevent them from snagging on debris as they are pulled across waterways by a pullboat) lying next to downed trees in a dense, mixed-species swamp forest. Likely in the extreme southern United States, where pullboat cones were briefly used in lumbering during the early twentieth century.]


- Image ID: Yale61_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An African-American man holding axe stands ankle-deep in a forest swamp next to a large pullboat cone and the cypress log to which it will be attached so as to prevent the log from snagging on debris as it is pulled across water by a pullboat to a yarding site or sawmill. The forest is comprised of mixed-species, including palm. Location is likely somewhere in the extreme southern United States, where pullboat cones were briefly used in lumbering during the early twentieth century.]


- Image ID: Yale62_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Wood piles stacked throughout this forest, which is sparsely populated with trees. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale62_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A small road or trail runs horizontally through this unidentified forest. Trees, possibly red pines, are growing in a somewhat rocky landscape on either side of the path. A few of the trees closer to the foreground appear to exhibit fire scars.]


- Image ID: Yale62_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified man wearing a dark jacket, hat, and gloves stands in a small forest clearing where the trunks of two very thin trees are leaning towards each other, forming an "X" where their trunks cross near the center of this image. The larger trees in the image appear to be oaks.]


- Image ID: Yale62_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View across field with large trees grouped to the left in the far distance. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale63_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Wood piles stacked in two places in unidentified forest. A body of water is visible to the left in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale63_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Selectively logged forest with stumps left behind and stacks of wood piled in various locations around the clearing.]


- Image ID: Yale63_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Mixed-species forest with brush undergrowth. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale63_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified forest with pine trees of various sizes at different stages of growth. Several trees have either fallen or been felled. The trunk of a mature pine dominates the entire left foreground.]


- Image ID: Yale64_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Pine forest in unidentified location.]


- Image ID: Yale64_Bth    Image Date: [nbo date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An African-American forest industry worker stands next to a large cypress stump in a swamp forest of mixed tree species including palms. Felled logs lie on the ground and in the swamp before the man, and a pullboat cone rests near the man. During the early twentieth century pullboat cones were popularly used for a brief period in the southern United States lumbering industry. The cones were fitted around the ends of logs, and a chain or cable attached to a pullboat tugged the small end of the cone, pulling the log smoothly through water as it was transported to a yarding site or mill. The cones prevented the logs from snagging on debris as they traveled across waterways.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man standing in front of tent at a campsite, likely that of foresters working for the U.S. Bureau of Forestry in the early twentieth century. The tent appears to be the cook tent where meals are prepared.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Three men stand near a wooden boat perched atop a wooden wagon in a pine forest. Behind the men a tent is visible in their campsite.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Close-up view of a tree trunk exhibiting health problems. The bark shows holes where possibly insects have bored. The tree species appears to be red pine. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Dth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man, possibly forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr., sitting on the back deck of a narrow boat rowing across an unidentified body of water. The man's dress appears to be a uniform, likely that of the U.S. Forest Service, for whom Woolsey worked during the first few decades of the twentieth century. The boat is loaded with gear. A thick forest lines the shoreline in the far distance.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Eth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Unidentified train depot with both passenger and logging trains in the yard.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Fth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men standing near pile of brush in field bounded by trees at left. One of the men is wielding a tool or stick for an unknown purpose.]


- Image ID: Yale65_Gth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Village green, possibly York Square, in New Haven, Connecticut, home of Yale University. Horse-drawn carriages, street cars, and pedestrians are traversing the wide street on the right. A short fence divides the green from the street, and large trees planted in straight lines form an avenue to the left of the fence.]


- Image ID: Yale66_Ath    Image Date: [1910s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: The transport of cork to a local depot in the mountains near Philippeville, Algeria. [Image used as Figure 11 on page 59 in Woolsey's 1917 book titled French Forests and Forestry: Tunisia, Algeria, Corsica (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).]


- Image ID: Yale66_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a suit and a light-colored hat stands in the middle of an area characterized by what appears to be natural forest regeneration. Trees at varying stages of growth surround the man. Larger trees ring the edge of the area, and rolling hills are visible in the background.]


- Image ID: Yale66_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Section of an unidentified forest road, with slash lining either side.]


- Image ID: Yale67_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A man wearing a suit and a light-colored hat stands to the right of a tall stump in a forested area that appears to have weathered a storm. Some trees remain standing in the background, but much of the area around the man consists of windthrows.]


- Image ID: Yale67_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young trees are growing in the foreground of this image showing a forested area that appears to have been scoured by a forest fire. Trees stripped of all vegetation are interspersed with trees at various stages of growth throughout the landscape.]


- Image ID: Yale67_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Forest showing trees apparently damaged by fire, trees that have been cut, and trees at various stages of growth. A log pile appears on the right side of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale68_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Man sitting on the running board of some type of train car that was supposedly used to transport cut logs out of the forest to a mill. Slash lies on the ground behind the railroad tracks. Several chains link the train car to an identical one sitting on the tracks to the left of the image.]


- Image ID: Yale68_Bth    Image Date: [1910s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Stone building with distinctive shutters, possibly a forest ranger station in the French protectorate of Tunisia. Two men are standing to the right of the building near what appears to be a water well; one of the men is wearing a French forest ranger or guard's uniform common to those worn in the early twentieth century in French dependencies in northern Africa.]

[The contents of this image are similar to views of Tunisia depicted in Theodore Salisbury Woolsey's 1917 book titled French Forests and Forestry: Tunisia, Algeria, Corsica (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) Woolsey conducted research on French forest management in Algeria, Corsica, Tunisia, and Europe in the years 1912, 1913, 1917, and 1919.]


- Image ID: Yale69th    Image Date: [1930s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [An unidentified adobe settlement situated in a desert setting in front of low mountains covered with sparse vegetation.]


- Image ID: Yale7_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A number of logs lie on the forest floor at the edge of what appears to be a trail along which logs have been hauled out of the forest.]


- Image ID: Yale7_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Logs that have been cut and peeled lie on the ground in this unidentified forest awaiting transport out of the woods.]


- Image ID: Yale7_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [View of a forest that appears to have been damaged by a windstorm. The remains of a tree that has been snapped in half and a cut tree trunk are visible in the foreground; in the background fallen trees litter the forest floor. A road runs through the middle of the scene.]


- Image ID: Yale7_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Fog or mist or smoke blurs the view of this unidentified forest stand. A railroad track is barely visible near the foreground.]


- Image ID: Yale70th    Image Date: [1930s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A group of men, women, and children apparently touring an unidentified adobe settlement in a desert setting. The clothing worn by the people in the image indicates the photograph was taken probably in the 1930s.]


- Image ID: Yale71_Ath    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two tall pines and one young pine tree are pictured in the foreground growing on the side of a mountain mostly covered with scrub. In the background rocky mountains stretch into the distance. Location unknown.]


- Image ID: Yale71_Bth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [A forest road stretches diagonally across this image. Trees stand on either side of the road. In front of the road, leaves cover the ground around a tree that has fallen and is rotting. A small white sign is posted to the trunk of one of the trees on the far side of the road.]


- Image ID: Yale71_Cth    Image Date: [no date]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Two men in the middle foreground hold cant hooks, which they are using to move around logs in what appears to be a log pond filled with cut logs. A low mountain dominates the background. Several buildings are visible in the left background; one is possibly a sawmill. Patches of snow are seen here and there in the image.]


- Image ID: Yale8th    Image Date: 1902

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Young red pine seedlings growing with mixed white pine in a windfall along Clear Lake in Itasca County, Minnesota.]


- Image ID: Yale9_Ath    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Brush, twigs, and short logs piled at the edge of a road used to transport logs out of the forest.]


- Image ID: Yale9_Bth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Much of the forest visible in the background has been damaged by fire. The snow covering the ground may have helped extinguish the blaze.]


- Image ID: Yale9_Cth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Cut logs rest randomly along the edge of a trail most likely used to transport logs out of the woods.]


- Image ID: Yale9_Dth    Image Date: [ca. 1900s]

[Digital Surrogate]

Image Caption: [Logs cut to a uniform length piled on a hillside in an unidentified forest. A dusting of snow covers the ground and the logs.]



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